As in the USSR, they suppressed the truth.
Perhaps, you missed one interesting news behind sports victories at the Olympics - on February 23, 2017, Ilon Musk successfully launched the Falcon 9 rocket, which delivered two test satellites to near-earth orbit. On these satellites, the technology of the global Internet will be developed, which in the near future will have to cover the entire Earth - which will finally remove the obstacles to the free exchange of information between people and will cancel the monopoly of some states on information.
It cannot but upset the fact that the Russian authorities have already declared that they will in every way impede the development of this technology on their territory, and have even allegedly created a special anti-satellite laser gun. Personally, it reminds me of howthe USSRfought with the so-called. they tried in every possible way to drown out, hammering in truthful information about what is actually happening in the world and in the USSR itself - for this, simple Soviet citizens had to register their radio receivers, and the whole country was covered by a network of special “jammers”.
What is most interesting - “decaying capitalism” did not at all repay the Soviets with the same coin - Soviet radio stations did not drown in the countries of the West; And a very important point that clearly demonstrates the fundamental difference between open free societies and closed dictatorships - the latter are very afraid of the free exchange of information and opinions, are afraid of free discussion of problems. They know that they will not stand on the competitive field - lies, fraud and falsification will be opened very quickly, so you have to build jammers and in every possible way restrict your subjects to freely receive information.
In today's post I will tell you about how the network of Soviet jammers worked in Minsk, how they wanted to blow up one of these jammers and which countries are more successful in the 21st century. Come under the cat, it is interesting. Welladd friendsDo not forget)
First, a little history. After coming to power in October 1917, the Bolsheviks established on the territory under their control the most severe control overdistribution of information. They understood that the one who owns the information - in fact, owns the minds and owns everything. Take a reasonable person, put him in an information vacuum and tell him day and night that green reptilians from Mars want to conquer us - and in two years he will believe in it, and in five years he will be ready at the first call of the Motherland forces to strike a preventive tank strike on Mars - for the sake of peace on Earth.
In order to maintain this state of affairs in the USSR, various measures were taken - of course, it was impossible to buy any Western press in the USSR, all the newspapers published in the Soviet Union were exclusively Soviet, and foreign radio stations were jammed with a network of special jammers - they were officially called "radio jamming transmitters ". Glushilki began to appear en masse in the fifties - they were especially active in the western republics of the USSR - Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic States. A little later, the experience of the USSR was adopted by other countries of the social camp - the jammers were earned in Bulgaria,Of Hungary,RomaniaandPoland.
In the 1950s and 60s, programs from France, Yugoslavia, Spain, Canada, USA, Italy and the Vatican were jammed in the USSR.Radio stations such as Radio Liberty, Free Europe, BBC, DW, Voice of Israel, Radio Beijing, and some others tried to suppress the most. What is interesting is that in the USSR they did not touch one of the frequencies of the Chinese radio, on which programs were heard in Russian, but recorded in the recording backwards — by recording such a broadcast on a tape recorder, you could start it backwards and listen to the news, while the jammers considered what is the broadcast in Chinese;)
What is interesting - “informational punctures” happened in the Soviet broadcasting system itself. In the early 1980s, Vladimir Danchev, the announcer of the propaganda radio station "Voice of the Homeland", spoke out against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on his air, went unnoticed for a long time, and only after reporting to the BBC got "under the hood" in the KGB - they hid him in a psychiatric hospital in Tashkent.
02. In addition to the jamming, in fact, the Soviet authorities also intimidated their citizens with all sorts of administrative and criminal penalties for “free-thinking”. The photo - a reminder for the owner of the radio, printed in 1961. As you can see, the receiver needed to be registered, and the tone of the reminder reminds, rather, an attachment to a light machine gun or some other dangerous weaponry.
03Nevertheless, the Soviet citizens tried to circumvent the prohibitions and jamming, because they understood that if anything happened in the world, the native party would confine itself to statements in the style of “all is well, beautiful marquise”. Here is a photo sent to me by one of my readers by the name of Vitaly Grishin, the photo was captured by Vitaly himself in 1974. The device was called "TPS-58" - with the help of such devices it was possible to catch Western radio stations bypassing the jammer.
04. The jammers were located in many large cities of the USSR, especially in the capitals of the republics - jammers in the city of Minsk were farm masts 100 meters high. This is what a jammer looks like, which is located in the courtyards of Independence Avenue in the Golden Hill area.
05. Previously there were two jammers, the second was located not far from the first, in the area of Gorky Park. In this shot from the drone, you can see the location of the jammers well - in the foreground you can see the top of the surviving jammer, the second jamming was a little further - in the photo to the left and two blocks higher, closer to the circus building. And the tower in the center of the frame with the W-shaped top is an antenna for radio programs.
06. The second jammer was demolished in the early nineties, and the first is now built with a concrete fence and used as a supporting mast for cellular communications.
07The territory of the preserved wilderness - it is located very close to the church of St. Roch, but fenced off by a separate fence. Glushilka operated until the end of the eighties, and at that time around it there was something like a “strip of alienation” - so that ordinary citizens could not come close to it.
08. However, such incidents happened - in 1962, the dissident Sergey Khanzhenkov planned an explosion of the Minsk jammer. According to Sergey, it was supposed to be a “purely demonstrative act”, during which not a single person should have suffered - “just once in the evening thousands of people will turn on the receivers - and the air will be clean. Be sure to have conversations - they blew up the“ silencer! ”. What is a "muffler?" Why is he even needed? And the people will come to life "- this was how Sergei saw the development of events.
09. The planner was not destined to be realized - a KGB officer was introduced to Sergey’s group of friends, after which Segei was recognized as the organizer and leader of an anti-Soviet organization, Sergey received ten years of strict regime and departed from camps in Mordovia — there were often sent “anti-Soviet dissidents” from Belarus. Then Sergey returned to Minsk, where he lives to this day.
The jammer itself, by the way, used to look a little different - on this top there were metal antennas diverging to the sides, resembling an inverted umbrella frame - apparently, this was “jamming equipment”.
10. Today, the equipment of the companies of cellular communication is located on the Minsk jammer - the design that should have prevented the exchange of information and communications between people now contributes to this in every possible way. Here is such a paradox of history)
11. In my family, "enemy voices" were also listened to without fail. The old apartment of my grandmother was on Berestyanskaya Street - which is located in the center of Minsk, in direct visibility from both jammers.
12. This is the old district of the city - Dolgobrodskaya, Maryevskaya and Berestyanskaya streets existed in pre-revolutionary times, but the buildings here are mostly post-war. The exception is a few houses built in the pre-war years. For example, a house with a sharp roof in the background photo was built in 1940, and during the war years it housed the infamous Rosenberg office, which robbed and exported cultural property from the occupied territories to Germany.
13.That's how the houses on Berestyanskaya Street look from the facades,
14. And so - from yards. In the old apartment of my grandmother, the windows of the rooms looked out on both sides of the house, and I don’t know where the receiver caught better — I only know the fact that, despite the fact that the jammer was in direct line of sight from these houses, the “enemy voices” were heard perfectly here.
15. Old yards. According to the stories of his grandfather - he had some powerful gray-green VHF radio that caught almost everything, including talks of police radios, and with it it was possible to listen to Radio Liberty and other free radio stations with interferences, of course but it was still possible to find out what is really happening in the world.
16. I also heard that some local craftsmen flooded the telescopic antenna of the receiver entirely with mercury - allegedly this strengthened the signal even more (I can not vouch for the reliability of this information).
17. We will take off from the yard of the house a little higher. There she is, jammer - in the frame just to the right of the pipe with smoke in the center of the photograph. In a straight line here to her no more than a kilometer, and even at such a short distance everything was perfectly obeyed. As you can see, the Soviet system of suppression worked extremely "worn through and inefficiently" —the people still searched and found access to the truthful information.
18.And it says a lot about how ineffective any systems of suppressing dissent are - people will still find something that can bypass these means. On the whole, it’s ridiculous today to hear about some jammers and "laser guns against satellites" - after all, in the 21st century, not closed dictatorial chiefdisps are more successful, but good and open countries.
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