Buddy Holly. Biography of a talented rock musician
During his short career, Buddy Holly wrote many songs and made a great contribution to the development of music. He is rightly considered one of the pioneers of rock and roll. He influenced later pop artists, including Bob Dylan, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton and Elton John.
Buddy Holly was one of the first performers, whose name in 1986 was added to the list of members of the Hall and the Rock and Roll Museum of Fame. American magazine Rolling Stone has included it in the list of "100 greatest performers."
Charles Holly was born on September 7, 1936 in Lubbock, Texas. He was the fourth child in the family of Lawrence Odella Holly and Ella Paulina Drake. From early childhood he was called “Buddy” - friend, mate. In his family, everyone except his father knew how to play musical instruments, so from birth the boy fell in love with music.
At the age of 11, Buddy took piano lessons, but left them after nine months of training and switched to guitar.In early childhood, the musical tastes of Holly were influenced by the work of Hank Williams, Jimmy Rogers, Hank Snow, Bob Wills and the Carter family.
In 1952, Holly and Jack Neal participated as a duet, announced as “Buddy and Jack,” in a talent competition at a local television show. After Neal left, he was replaced by Bob Montgomery, and the group became known as Buddy and Bob.
After graduating from high school in 1955, Holly decided to devote himself entirely to his musical career. Buddy's opening act with Bill Haley was highly appreciated by professional performers, and on February 8, 1956, the British record label Decca Records signed a contract with the young singer. Since that time, the story begins Buddy Holly, who was inspired to perform music in the genre of rock and roll once he saw a concert by Elvis Presley.
After the conclusion of the contract, Buddy organized a group of talented musicians, which was called The Crickets. In parallel with the recording of singles in the group The Crickets Buddy recorded his solo album. Discs came out in the United States in late 1957 - early 1958. In addition to the United States, the team has had great success in Australia and the UK.
Buddy Holly signed two contracts, the outcome of which was the release of two debut albums. On November 27, 1957, fans of the band welcomed the release of the album The Chirping Crickets, and on February 20, 1958, the record label Buddy Holly was released. In January, the band toured Australia, and in March, Holly and his band went to the UK.
In April 1958, the third and last album by Buddy Holly, That'll Be the Day, made up of songs recorded by him back in 1956, appeared on sale. The single That’ll Be the Day became a hit and topped the British charts for three weeks.
The tragic death of a musician
In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on January 23, 1959, the ensemble Buddy Holly began its tour. When planning performances, the distance between the concert venues was not taken into account, so the musicians had problems with movement. The situation was aggravated by unheated buses that broke down twice in freezing weather. The singer decided to get to the next point of the tour by plane, to arrive before his team and make the necessary preparations for the performance.
On February 3, 1959, the plane, in which Buddy Holly, Richie Wales and Big Bopper were flying, fell into a storm and fell in a cornfield five miles northwest of Mason, Iowa.Holly’s funeral took place on February 7, 1959, in the Baptist Church in Lubbock. At the time of death, the rising star of rock and roll was 22 years old.
The singer left behind a rich legacy: many songs, unfinished musical texts and tapes showing songs intended for other performers. Holly's demand for recordings was so great that his label could release new albums with Buddy Holly songs over the next 10 years. The last "new" album of extinguished star "Giant" was released in 1969.
The largest music database AllMusic called Buddy Holly "the most influential musician in early rock and roll." September 7, 2011 in honor of the 75th anniversary of the birth of Holly held the ceremony of laying the star with his name on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The musician’s widow Maria Elena Santiago was present at the ceremony. In the hometown of Buddy Lubbock opened a center dedicated to his work.