Caracal (cat): description of the breed, photo
Under natural conditions, caracals are predatory mammals that belong to the feline family. Outwardly, they are very similar to lynx. True, because of the genetic characteristics of these animals, scientists distinguish them into a separate genus. Today, many give birth at home miniature caracals.
Habitat and habitat
Under natural conditions, the cat breed Caracal lives in Africa, on the Arabian Peninsula, in Central Asia, in India, Southern Turkmenistan. These animals prefer to settle in arid areas - flat clay deserts, sandy semi-deserts; inhabit savannas and steppes, hilly areas and foothills, in the thickets of trees and shrubs.
Life in the wild
The Caracal cat, the photo of which can be seen in many publications about animals, is active at night. Only in very rare cases, this animal is active during the day. These unusually beautiful cats-lynx in natural conditions live in the crevices of rocks or in burrows.
As a rule, caracal preys on small animals and birds, which it pursues, developing rather decent speed.Interestingly, during the hunt, this predator is able to snatch several birds from a flock flying at once. Despite its agility, caracal is a cat that prefers to hunt rodents, a little less often - reptiles. In the countryside, they sometimes attack lambs and goats.
A characteristic feature of these animals is that they are able to do without drinking water for a long time, and the necessary fluid for the body is obtained from its prey. Like a leopard, the Caracal cat, whose photos are often used by travel agencies in their advertising booklets, keeps the remnants of its dinner in the trees.
The main enemies of these predators are the steppe wolves. In addition, alabai, which are shepherd dogs that protect the flocks of sheep, is a rather serious danger to them. The threat to caracal can also come from a person who shoots them for sport hunting.
We have already mentioned that the Caracal cat most often hunts for rodents. They form the basis of its diet. These can be gerbils, gophers, jerboas, hares and tolai. This predator will not refuse porcupines and hedgehogs, reptiles and insects, as well as smaller predators. Interestingly, the caracal is a cat, alternating animal feed with vegetable.She does not mind eating grapes or lush grass.
Caracal home cats
Today, many lovers of the exotic gladly plant these predators in their homes, largely due to the fact that they are quite easily tamed. Many lovers of rare animals were guided by the fact that these cats are much cheaper than a lynx or a cheetah, and outwardly they are very similar. Perhaps that is why they were sometimes called "cheetahs for the poor." Nevertheless, the tamed caracal is a kind and affectionate cat, therefore such a pet has become very popular.
External features of the cat
The Caracal cat breed, the photo of which you can see in our article, has a striking outward resemblance to the trot - it even has the same tassels on its ears. And if it were not for the more modest size and not wool, having a uniform color, it would be easy to confuse it with a trot.
The body length of an adult individual ranges from 65 to 82 cm, the tail is at least 25 cm. The height at the withers is 45 centimeters, and the weight is 11 to 19 kilograms. The length of fluffy tassels that adorn the ears of an animal reaches five centimeters.
A caracal on its paws has brushes of hard hair that help it with natural grace and surprising ease to move along the sand.
The hair of these graceful animals is short and very thick. The color resembles a little American puma's coat - a sandy and sometimes reddish-brown tint on the back and almost white on the stomach. On the sides there are black markings. In addition, the tassels on the ears and their outer side are also black.
All owners of these exotic animals should be aware that the Caracal cat breed is not artificially bred. These are the true descendants of independent and freedom-loving animals. The blood of hunters flows in their veins.
Experts believe that all animals can be divided into three categories - those who can be domesticated, who can only be tamed, who cannot even be tamed. Caracal is almost impossible to domesticate, he will always be a wild animal that has only adapted to life next to a man. It is impossible to forget about the character of all cats - they do not obey the person, consider themselves the full owners of the territory in which they live, and when they are cornered, they are not inferior even to a much stronger opponent.
Based on the foregoing, is it possible to consider that a cat caracal in some circumstances may be dangerous? Yes, if someone from the family members is not aware of the psychology of feline behavior.Do not blindly trust the advertisements in which you are convinced of the absolute harmlessness of Caracal.
Despite its relatively small size, the home “lynx” can harm even an adult - it is a dexterous and flexible animal, also armed with sharp claws, strong jaws and desperate courage.
In fairness, I must say that the nature of caracal - the cat is not aggressive. In most cases, it is the owner who provokes her to such behavior. These animals are not nervous, they are quite livable and feel well the mood of a person. If, from an early age, the owner, using all the methods available to him (affection, cunning, persuasion), teaches the kitten to live next to the person, then such a cat will not be dangerous. Socialization of these animals is necessary. The kitten must understand that strangers may appear on “his” territory, otherwise your every meeting with friends may end with either aggression from the pet, or severe stress.
Before you start such an animal in the house, you must be sure that you will be able to devote a lot of time to caring for him and bringing up the caracal.
A kitten is taken from the nursery when it reaches six months of age.If your plans do not include professional breeding of these animals, they should immediately be castrated or spayed. Despite the fact that they are usually very affectionate animals, do not forget that, above all, this predator is a caracal. Cats of this breed should not live in families where there are very young children, and the older children should be explained that you should not offend animals - they can give change.
Like other cats, the Caracals must be regularly vaccinated against various diseases. Carefully monitor their health, care for your coat, make sure that your “home lynx” leads a fairly active lifestyle. Owners need to know that Caracals love to swim.
If you decide to have such a pet, then once again we want to remind you that this is a predator, therefore, its diet should include poultry, fish, beef. No more than once a week for caracal, you can give raw eggs.
Completely exclude pork, as it can provoke such a serious feline disease, like Aujeszky's disease. In addition, there is no place in the diet of caracal salted or spiced foods.But you should not neglect vitamins, they will be prescribed by a veterinarian. Caracal food should be well balanced and healthy. The use of natural products and dry food, but the highest quality.