Child health: when to contact an endocrinologist

Baby health is determined by the timely development and coordination of the work of all organs and systems.

The most important system in a child’s body that regulates many processes is endocrine.

In order to understand whether the baby’s endocrine system is in order, it is desirable for each mother to know what are the symptoms of endocrine diseases, in which it is necessary to consult a doctor. We will talk about this today.

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Endocrinologist: what kind of doctor?

Endocrinologist- It is a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the endocrine system in adults and children.

Endocrine system- These are the endocrine glands (hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal gland, thyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testicles, etc.) that release hormones into the body’s bloodstream that regulate important body processes.

The endocrine system is a very subtle mechanism that reacts sharply to all harmful factors.Children's endocrine systemmore susceptible to environmental factors than the adult system.

Manyendocrine system pathologythey begin to develop in childhood, so it is very important to regularly go to an endocrinologist’s appointment and be sure to show the child to the doctor if you notice the symptoms of endocrine diseases in the child in order to identify the problem and start treatment of the disease.

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The most serious symptoms indicating endocrine diseases

Delayed sexual development or premature development

About the delay in sexual development is to say, if girls over the age of 15 years are not menstruating, and the mammary glands are not enlarged if the boys over the age of 15 have no hair in the armpits and pubic area if the testicles are too small.

It so happens thatdelayed sexual developmentIt is not associated with endocrine disruption, but is hereditary (that is, the parents also had sexual development later). In this case, you still need to contact the endocrinologist to rule out any violations of the endocrine system.

Premature sexual development usually means an increase in the mammary glands, the appearance of hair in the pubic region and underarms, menstruation in girls under 9, as well as an increase in testes, the appearance of hair in the pubic region and underarms in boys under 10 years.

Almost allcases of premature pubertyassociated with endocrine problems, therefore, require immediate treatment to the doctor.

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Symptoms of diabetes

With endocrine disorders, the child may havediabetes symptoms: the baby drinks too much, he has frequent urination, he abuses sweets, he has no apparent cause for weight loss, weakness, unwillingness to do anything, actively move.

With these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor to make a diagnosis and begin treatment.

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Short stature and excessive growth

The easiest way to determineDoes your child have normal height?, compare it with 5-10 years of age. If your baby’s height is significantly smaller than the rest of the children, it’s possible that the baby is stunted.If, on the contrary, the baby is too high in comparison with the rest of the children, this may indicate excessive growth.

The cause of stunting or excessive growth can be not only endocrine diseases, but also heredity, diseases of the osteoarticular system

According to the norms,average height of the boyat 3 years should be 92-99 cm, girls - 93-98 cm, at 4 years old boy should be about 99-105 cm, girls - 98-104 cm, at 5 years old boys can be 105-112 cm, girls - 104-110 cm, at 6 years old - boys - 112-118 cm, girls - 110-118 cm, at 7 years old - boys - 118-125 cm, girls - 118-124 cm. At each age, variations in the growth of boys are possible and girls +/- 5-7 cm.

The reason for short stature or excessive growth can be not only endocrine diseases, but also heredity, diseases of the osteo-articular system. Only a doctor can determine what caused the problem. As a rule, the doctor conductsradiography of brushes and wrist joints, which can determine the state of growth zones.

Mum-forumchanka Elena shared the story:“My son has always been short, the same age as everyone else. At first I thought that this would soon be corrected, but it was already 6th year, but the situation did not change, I began to worry very much.I decided to go with the child to the endocrinologist. The doctor prescribed tests for us, we all passed, it turned out that the son is healthy, short stature is his peculiarity. The doctor said to closely monitor the health of the baby in adolescence, because at this time the growth of the child can greatly increase in a short period, and this is harmful to the spine. "

Underweight or overweight

A serious symptom of endocrine disorders is underweight or overweight in children. According to medical standards, in 3 yearsboy must weighabout 13-16 kg, girl - 13-15 kg, at 4 years old - a boy - 16-18 kg, girl - 15-17 kg, at 5 years old - a boy - 18-20 kg, girl - 17-19 kg, 6 years old - a boy - 20-22 kg, a girl - 19-22 kg, at the age of 7 - a boy - 22-25 kg, a girl - 22-25 kg. Weight fluctuations are possible at any age from 1 to 2 kilograms.

When weight disorders are neededendocrinologist consultationyou should not torture the child on your own with a diet or, conversely, feed them by force. Perhaps it's not in the diet, but in hormones.

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Thyroid enlargement

Usually, ifthyroid gland enlarged, to notice this with the naked eye is quite difficult,but a child with an enlarged gland may feel some discomfort: unpleasant sensations when swallowing, feeling of “foreign object” in the larynx area, painful sensations are possible.

With these symptoms you need to go to the doctor. He will examine the gland and send the child for tests to determine the cause of the problem and prescribe the necessary treatment.

Other symptoms indicative of endocrine problems

You should definitely visit an endocrinologist if your child has:

  • weight at birth was more than 4 kg;
  • There are relatives with endocrine diseases.

Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova: "The endocrinologist should also be contacted if on the body of the child you notice excessive hair growth, stretch marks, if the mammary glands in boys develop according to the female type."

If you notice some of the listed symptoms in your child, be sure to go to the endocrinologist with your baby, this will significantly clarify the situation, and timely treatment will avoid many troubles.

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