Heart rate control, rate and its changes
A pulse, or heart rate, the rate of which in an adult healthy person ranges from 60 to 89 beats per minute, can provide important information about how the heart works. The frequency of heartbeats may vary depending on the change in body position (lying down indicator for 10 beats decreases in comparison with the vertical position of the body). It also depends on physical exertion or on age and gender. Women have a more frequent (by 7-10 beats) pulse in comparison with men, in children everything varies from age.
How many children?
Children from birth have a higher pulse rate in comparison with adults, it all depends on the age of the child. Gynecologists during pregnancy constantly measure the fetal heart rate, the rate of which is about 140 beats per minute. Over time, the child's heart begins to beat less frequently, from the moment of birth to one year, the pulse is up to 120 contractions. From one year to two, the heart rate is normal, if the number of beats is up to 110, and at five years of age it is 100. Such a decrease occurs continuously until it reaches the level of an adult.
To measure correctly
To get a reliable heart rate result, you need to measure it correctly. This can be done sitting, lying down or, conversely, standing up, for example, after sleeping - in a horizontal position, and after exercise - sitting on a chair or chair. Our heart is quite sensitive to stress, both emotional and physical, therefore, to obtain a more reliable result, it is worthwhile to sit and relax for a while. It is possible to calculate the heart rate indicators on any artery, but most often it is used for this carotid, temporal, and also radiation, inguinal arteries. They are located close to the surface of the skin and so you can easily feel them by pressing it against the bone protrusion. The main place to measure is the wrist. The neck is used less often, most often when the patient is unconscious. The radial artery, which is located at the base of the first finger of the hand, is pressed by the second, third and fourth fingers, and the first one is holding the hand from the opposite side. They must be located above the wrist joint. After the artery is detected and slightly pressed against the bone, the HR is calculated.The norm or deviation from it should be recorded in the history of the disease or outpatient card, or in a regular notebook. The measurement is carried out for one minute, you can calculate the pulse in 15 seconds and multiply by 4, but then the error will be higher. A more accurate result will be if you count for what period of time 10 beats are committed, and then calculate the result in a minute.
How to evaluate the result?
If during the calculation of the heart rate rate is embedded in the results, it is not worth worrying. If the heart rate exceeds normal values, then tachycardia should be assumed, if the pulse is below physiological values, this condition is called bradycardia. Each condition is abnormal and may indicate a malfunction of the heart. To determine the diagnosis, you need to consult a specialist. They may become a therapist, but best of all, if it is a cardiologist.
Bradycardia and what to do with it?
Bradycardia is a condition in which the heart rate is below 60 beats per minute. And this is not normal. Thus arrhythmia may manifest itself.To worry about this is not worth much, but watching a cardiologist at the place of residence will not interfere. For the diagnosis of bradycardia, the cardiologist will have only one pulse count, he will also prescribe the most important analysis that will reveal all the secrets of the heart - this is an ECG. It is also possible to use additional methods such as veloergometry, ECG, Holter monitoring or X-ray. All of them can give a clear idea of whether the prescription of medications is required or not worth experiencing at this stage. With dizziness, weakness, and fainting and other conditions that disrupt the normal course of life, the cardiologist prescribes drugs that accelerate cardiac activity.
Tachycardia: diagnosis and treatment
Tachycardia may indicate many serious diseases, for example, arterial hypertension, myocarditis, heart disease, vascular dystonia, endocrine pathology and many others. Diagnostics is the same as in bradycardia, only indicators will be much higher, and it is worthwhile to carefully find out the cause of heart palpitations.When this is done, it is worth treating the disease that led to the rapid heart rate. The norm in this case is to go to the hospital for further treatment and selection of doses of drugs that will help bring blood pressure and heart rate back to normal.
Prevention of heart rate disorders
In order for our “motor” to work like a clock, constant physical exertion is vital. An active lifestyle contributes to normal blood circulation, prevention of arrhythmias and stagnation. An excellent helper in the fight against heart rate abnormalities will be regular morning exercises. Jogging also helps, the distances of which can be very different depending on the capacity of the organism, but with the prospect of constant increase. If running or performing exercises doesn’t allow a state of health, then an everyday walk on foot will be the minimum that will help keep the heart in shape for a long period of time. It is best to take care of your health from a young age, then over the years heart problems will be reduced to a minimum.