How does persimmon grow? Growing persimmon at home
On our window sills, along with the usual indoor flowers, you can often find real exoticism. Geraniums and violets have become accustomed to neighbors such as lemons, mangoes, and avocados, which have grown from bones. But not always experiments with thermophilic, fastidious plants are successful. But there is no limit to the joy of gardeners, if, nevertheless, a plant grown with such care produces a crop.
Persimmon is an exotic plant that, with proper care, will be able to bestow you with surprisingly healthy and tasty fruit. To persimmon at home gave the crop, you need to make a lot of effort, as well as be patient.
Two in one - and tasty and healthy
It often happens that tasty foods are not very healthy or even harmful, but with persimmon everything went well - it is extremely healthy and at the same time many people like its taste. There are, of course, complaints about its binding properties, some even make it necessary to refuse to use this well of useful substances. The problem is completely solved.First, choose absolutely ripe fruits. They have a lower content of tannin (tanning substance), giving persimmon astringent taste. Secondly, if it was not possible to find ripe fruits, the freezer will help to get rid of the astringent effect. Put there persimmon for 12 hours - and the problem is solved.
What is the use of persimmon
Eating this wonderful fruit, you get a lot of nutrients:
- Carotene - supports the health of the skin and organs of vision, prevents the formation of cancer cells;
- Vitamin C - strengthens the immune system, has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, helps to avoid stress, insomnia, depression;
- glucose and fructose;
- complex of minerals (potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iodine, sodium, etc.).
It is hard to believe that all this may contain the persimmon we are used to. It is useful to use it during the diet. It is low-calorie - but at the same time well satisfies hunger. The calorie content of different varieties of persimmon may vary slightly, but the average is 63 kcal / 100 grams.
How does persimmon grow
The homeland of this useful plant is China. This information is not scientifically verified and is based on the fact that there can be found trees that are already several hundred years old.This tree is very common in Australia, Italy, America, Turkey, Tajikistan. It grows wild in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Belongs to the Ebon family. Under natural conditions, persimmon chooses a light, half-sandy, well-transmissive soil. Depending on the variety, it can grow in the form of evergreen shrubs or deciduous trees. The leaves of persimmon have a rich green color and by the autumn they get a purple shade.
Under favorable conditions, persimmon trees can reach 15 meters. But their standard height is 3-4 meters. It is interesting that closer to November, the leaves fall off and only bright fruits hang on the branches of the tree.
Persimmon varieties: description of each variety
There are many varieties of persimmon, but only some varieties are available to us. What can we see on the shelves?
"King" - the fruits of a round shape, large, orange-colored, darkening when ripe. Very juicy and sweet persimmon. Reviews of lovers say that this is the most delicious variety of fruit. Mature persimmon "King" has no astringent properties.
"Big King" - tastes are identical to the previous variety, but the fruit is larger and the flesh has a slightly more brown tint.
"Tangerine persimmon" - sometimes it is called honey for a sweet, even cloying taste. In shape, it resembles a mandarin. When this persimmon fully ripens, the flesh becomes very soft, similar to jelly. For this reason, it cannot be transported.
“Bull's heart” is a large and very sweet persimmon variety, but not as cloying as “tangerine”. The flesh is bright orange and even when ripening does not become darker.
"Fig" - this variety was named because of the specific shape of the fruit. In color, they are dark, almost chocolate color. It ripens earlier than other varieties, so the very first one appears on the market.
Given the variety of types of persimmon and all its useful qualities, many have a question about how the persimmon grows and will it be possible to grow a fruit tree on its own? Read on and see that there is nothing complicated about it.
Growing persimmon at home. Myths and Reality
Those who are interested in the cultivation of persimmon from the stone, often abandon this venture, even without starting. All because of common myths, the fact that, to grow persimmon at home is simply unrealistic:
- Myth number 1 - the bones do not sprout.The main problem of poor germination of seeds can be their poor quality. It is necessary to take a bone from a fruit just eaten - this guarantees almost 100% results. If the bone has already lain for some time, you can use the recommendations and carry out a special treatment before planting.
- Myth number 2 - you need a large amount of fertilizer. The refutation is: a persimmon is a plant that easily adapts to poor soil. Much more harmful for her overfeeding. Naturally, if you want to get a healthy plant and a good harvest, it is better to feed it, but persimmon is not more demanding on the composition of the soil than other crops.
- Myth number 3 - persimmon - a tropical plant, requires year-round heat. In part, this is true - the plant comes from the tropics, but in our environment it has adapted well enough, and it needs a cold period to produce fruit at home. Some varieties tolerate a twenty-degree frost without consequences.
Preparation of planting material
To see how the persimmon grows, the first step is to plant the seeds. Bones for planting take only from ripe fruit.First, be sure to wash the bones from the remnants of the pulp and dry them. Next, there are two options. The first is to immediately lower the seeds into the prepared and pre-disinfected soil mixture. In this case, the seedlings will need to wait up to two weeks. To speed up the process of sprout a little, you can pre-germinate seeds. They are placed between two layers of cotton wool, and placed in a warm place. Vatu must be moistened as it dries. As soon as it becomes noticeable that the seeds have taken root, they are transferred to the prepared soil. From this point on carefully observe how the persimmon grows. The first sprout often appears with a bone at the tip. It is necessary to carefully release the plant from it, otherwise it may dry out.
Proper plant care is the key to future harvest.
While the plant is in the pot, you need to monitor the watering - in no case do not fill, provide him with good lighting and, if the weather permits, take it as often as possible to fresh air. As the persimmon grows, you need to repot it in larger pot.
When fertilizing plants, it is important not to overdo it.The first couple of years, you can use fertilizers recommended for indoor plants. It is important to alternate between minerals and organics.
In our climate, persimmon in the open ground is rarely planted. Most often it is kept in large vases or in greenhouses. If you want to get the fruits as early as possible, it’s worth planting. In this case, the trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 3-4 years. From unvaccinated first harvest waiting at least 7 years, and in conditions of low humidity - even longer.
If you keep a persimmon in a greenhouse or at home in a flowerpot, then you need to control its growth and size of the leafy part. Trimming will help form the correct rounded crown. To begin the formation of the silhouette of a tree is when it reaches 40-60 cm in height.
How to overwinter
Where and how does persimmon grow when it's cold outside? In winter, the plant is kept in a cool room. The ideal temperature is +5 - +8 degrees. Those who think that the warmer the room for the wintering of persimmon, the better, they are very mistaken. In order for a tree to actively bear fruit, it is necessary to keep it cold in a half to two months.
Time to gather fruit
Those who plan to grow persimmon for harvest, should take into account one important thing - it is dioecious plant. There are male and female trees. Receiving seed fruits, involves mandatory pollination. Some varieties of persimmon can simultaneously produce both male and female flowers, differing in size. Female flowers - large and single, and male - small, growing inflorescences. To obtain a crop, artificial pollination is sometimes produced.
There is a difference in how persimmon grows in our country and how it grows in a natural tropical climate. Also, due to the temperature difference, the time of ripening of the crop shifts somewhat. Gather the fruits from October to November. Even the autumn frosts will not affect the quality of these fruits.
When collecting persimmon important extra care. Fruits firmly attached to the branches and to remove them, without damaging the fragile flesh, you need a secateur. The cup is left, and the peduncle is cut to the maximum so that during storage it does not damage the soft shell of the fruit. Persimmon with dents and other injuries need to immediately select and quickly eat, otherwise it will rot.
After harvesting, the fruits should be stored for some time in a well-ventilated, dark and cool room where they ripen.
That's how you can get a fragrant exotic fruit called persimmon from several seeds. The description of the procedure for growing this plant can interest any gardener, and the details about the beneficial properties of this wonderful fruit are undoubtedly motivated to take action. Do not be afraid of demanding and fastidiousness of the plant. Just a bit of effort and patience - believe me, the result will not take long.