- Posted Diana Nikiforova
- Date: August 18, 2016 at 11:23 am
How to care for a pear August dew: rules of cultivation and features of a grade
Pear Augustow dew inherited from the parental varieties the best characteristics. The fruits of this tree are juicy and sweet, have a good presentation. What other features of the variety make it a favorite of many gardeners? How to grow and care for the culture?
Description of the pear variety Avgustovskaya dew
Augustow dew appeared as a result of crossing the varieties of Tenderness and Triumph of Pakgama. The author of the development is the breeder of the All-Russian Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Fruit Plants S.P. Yakovlev.
"Parents" of the August dew are distinguished by an outstanding set of qualities: Tenderness is very resistant to disease and has excellent winter hardiness, Triumph Pakgama is fast-paced, high-yielding, yields fruits with excellent taste.
The height of an adult tree of Augustus dew about 3 m
The Augustus Dew Tree is low — 2.5–3 m.It grows quickly, the buds in the spring wake up rapidly.The crown is not thickened, a little wilted shape. The branches depart from the trunk at an angle of almost 90 °. The leaves are medium in size, dark green, oblong in shape with notches along the edges. Flowers are small (up to 7–10 in inflorescence), white, with long pistils.
In the inflorescence of Augustus dew from 7 to 10 flowers
Fruits are even, 120–150 g (there are also larger specimens - up to 200 g).Ripe pear yellowish-green color with a faint blush on the side. The skin is smooth. The flesh is fine-grained, white, juicy, it tastes sweet (sugar content is more than 8%) with sourness.
The usual mass of fruits of Augustus dew - about 150 g
Augustus dew shows its qualities most clearly in the southern and central regions of the central part of the country.
Advantages and disadvantages (table)
|Fast growing tree||The tree is considered self-fertilized, but this indicator is not high, so pollinators are needed on the site|
|Skoroplodnost - the first harvest tree gives for 3-4 years of life||With a large crop of unequal weight fruit|
|High yield - even the first crop can be considerable - up to 15 kg||Due to the fast and active growth, constant pruning is necessary.|
|High winter hardiness and drought resistance||There are lean seasons|
|Good commercial qualities of fruits|
Pear is a heat-loving plant, so it will grow well in a sunny area, protected from the wind. Groundwater should be approximately 1.5–2 m from the ground.The pear does not stand up for moisture.Suitable soil is loamy or sandy. Clay earth is not suitable, sandy - only when making abundant dressings.
Experienced gardeners consider the beginning of October to be the optimal time for planting.Before the winter cold, the tree will have enough time to settle down. If for some reason it was not possible to do it, the end of April will come up next year.
For planting, you need to buy in the nursery 1 - or 2-year-old seedlings.When buying, check the condition of the roots and stem - they must be strong, not dry, well developed, without damage.
Stepwise landing process
- Dig a hole with a diameter of 1 m, a depth of 0.5 m.
- Mix fertilizer (70 g of ammonium nitrate, 130–140 g of potassium sulfate, 2 buckets of humus) to fill 2/3 of the hole.
Pear hole about 50 cm deep
- Put a seedling in a hole, holding it.
The roots of the tree in the pit need to gently straighten
- To maintain a young tree, strengthen the stake at a distance of 20–25 cm from the trunk.
- To pour a sapling with soil, carefully tamping. The root neck should not be covered with earth.
The earth around the trunk needs to be slightly pounded
- Tie the support to the tree.
The August dew belongs to self-bearing trees, but the harvest may increase several times if a pollinator is present in the garden. The best solution will be planting a pear seedlings of the Memory of Yakovlev. The distance between fruit trees in the garden is 3–4 m.
Distance between fruit trees in the garden - 3-4 m
Care for the pear Augustow dew
Water the young pear every week (1 bucket of water per tree). An adult plant is watered once every 7–10 days with 20 liters of water (this amount should be “stretched” for a whole day, for example, a bucket of water in the morning and a bucket in the evening). For the variety is suitable for spraying.Mandatory hydration in July and August is the period when the tree lays buds for the harvest of the next year.At the end of the summer, watering is stopped to slow down the growth of young shoots. They may not have enough time to get stronger before the first cold weather.
During watering you need to loosen the tree trunk, destroying weeds.
An adult pear plant is watered once a week with 20 liters of water.
Video: the original way of watering fruit trees
If there is a lot of sand in the soil, then fertilizing is carried out every year, fertilizer application is sufficient on more fertile soils 1 time in 2–3 years.
- In the spring, in the end of March - the beginning of April, 1-2 kg of manure per 1 sq. M. m of the range tree.
- During the flowering of pears in order to tied the fruit, make a 0.1 percent solution of boric acid (10 g per 10 liters of water for one tree).
- After the autumn leaf fall, the mixture of mineral fertilizers will contribute to the growth and development of the tree (ammonium nitrate - 20 g, urea - 15 g, superphosphate - 50 g).
Pruning is an important event in the care of all fruit trees. The first pruning August dew can survive after planting. The branches are removed at a height of about 0.5 m.
The best time for this event is spring.During this period, branches damaged by the sun or frost can be cut off, as well as branches that are too long or thicken. All sections are smeared with a twist or paint.
Autumn pruning is aimed at removing dry and old branches, which are then burned.
The best time for pruning is early spring.
Preparing for the winter
In late autumn, trees are whitened with lime mortar or special paints for trees.This layer on the trunk protects the tree from sunburn of the bark, which can be in winter and spring.
Pristvolny circle needs to be cleaned from fallen leaves, to hold water irrigation (70–100 l). Rump the ground around the roots with a layer of 15 cm.
If there are cold and little snowy winters in the region, the stem should be wrapped with a nonwoven covering material that allows air and moisture to pass through (agrotex, spanbond).
Whitewashing protects the tree from sunburn and rodents
Ways to combat diseases and pests (table)
|Diseases / pests||Symptoms||Prevention and control measures|
|Black cancer||The appearance of wounds and cracks on the cortex with brown spots around, red markings on fruits and leaves.||
|Mealy dew||Appearance on the leaves and flowers of mealy spots, which in the future acquire a violet-gray color.||
|Fruit rot||Brown spots on the fruit, their drying and falling off.||
|Insects (pear mite, moth, etc.)||Drying of leaves, shoots.||