Knee meniscus: rupture, treatment, restoration of functionality
Under the meniscus understand the cartilaginous pad, located in the knee joint and providing its stabilization and protection from damage during severe overloads. This gasket performs its functions by modifying the shape during movement. The rupture of the meniscus of the knee joint is accompanied by severe pain and threatens to limit the motor ability. There are two types of menisci: lateral and medial. The first is located closer to the outside of the joint. Because of its position, it is rarely damaged. In the central part of the joint is the medial meniscus. The rupture of this cartilage occurs more often due to the fact that its mobility is limited.
Varieties of meniscus injury
There are several factors that can cause meniscus damage. Most often, cartilage is injured during dynamic movement, wearing a ragged character.Such movements are typical when practicing various sports. Therefore, most often athletes injure the meniscus. The rupture occurs due to a sharp uneven distribution of pressure on the joint. In addition, cartilage lining may be damaged by normal wear and tear. There are also degenerative changes in cartilage tissue. If to make a classification, we can distinguish the following types of damage to this body:
- separation of the meniscus in the anterior and posterior horns;
- degenerative changes;
- rupture in the transchondral zone, cystic regeneration;
- combined damage.
Symptoms of damage
In the acute period, the diagnosis of meniscus damage is difficult. This is because some other damage to the joint may show signs similar to those shown by a traumatized meniscus. The rupture of this cartilage in any case is accompanied by acute pain. Then the pain manifests itself when walking. Hemarthrosis occurs. Timely diagnosis contributes to the rapid appointment of treatment and, as a rule, ends with the full recovery of the patient.If to tighten with treatment, there is an accumulation of fluid in the knee joint, and then comes its complete blockade. In this case, the operation can not do.
Treatment and recovery
In appointing treatment, the doctor takes into account the nature of the injury that the meniscus received. The gap may have a slight form due to the insignificance of damage. In this case, recovery can occur at home with maximum unloading of the injured joint. The foot must be given rest. You can not make sudden movements, leading to a heavy load on the knee. At first, it is better to move around with crutches. In case of complications, the doctor may suggest an operation, which can be performed in several directions. The surgeon will either restore the integrity of the meniscus, sew it up, or remove the damaged part. The postoperative tumor will subside within 4-6 weeks.