Lining calm: what is it? Description, characteristics
In the list of the most popular and versatile finishing materials, the master calls the wall paneling, or rather, its type - the wallboard calm. This building material has numerous advantages compared with other finishes, and therefore gained such popularity. What is the difference between calm and eurolining, and how it attracts specialists.
Lining calm: what is it
To answer the question of what it is, lining calm, you need to remember what lining is all about. Under this definition, understand the wooden board, equipped with a special lock for secure fixation. The lock is the presence of a groove (small recess) on one side of the board and a crest on the other side.
Due to this structure, the finishing panels are easy to fit and securely connected to each other. At the same time lining has several varieties. Among them:
All of them differ in the type of lock, which directly affects the performance.
Differences between the eurolining and calm
So what is this lining calm? This finishing material is well known under other names: “Peasant Woman”, “Collective Farm Woman” and even Russian wall paneling. It differs from the European version at once by several characteristics.
Profile.The transition from the spike to the wide surface at eurolining has sharp corners. Calm, in contrast, is equipped with smooth transitions and rounding. At first, this difference seems minimal. However, in practice, everything matters. Thanks to the rounded corners, the surface with such a finish seems softer and smoother. In addition, it is calm that boasts a more attractive price. This is achieved due to the fact that the rounded surface is easier to handle, and there will be almost no cracks and chips. A small percentage of waste in production can significantly reduce the cost of finished products.
Spikes dimensions. The peculiarity of the euro lining is that the spike size significantly exceeds the dimensions of the groove.Because of this feature, when assembling lamellas, a difference in the thickness of the decorative coating, the so-called “shelf”, is formed. This makes an already finished surface look like a fence, rather than a smooth base.
In a calm groove size and spike size are the same. This allows you to achieve a smooth coating with the same thickness over the entire area of the finish.
Where can be used
Unlike eurolining, calm has a wider scope of application. It can be used to finish not only vertical, but also horizontal surfaces, for example, the ceiling.
Professional builders and finishers recommend the use of calm lining for finishing:
- walls from the inside and outside;
- balconies and loggias;
Sizes lining calm
In addition to the structure of the castle, calm also has another feature - different widths of lamellae. Depending on the requirements and features of the work, the consumer can choose boards of 90-140 mm wide. This is very convenient, especially given the fact that Lining does not offer such a choice. What does this characteristic affect, and which option should I choose?
Wide lamellas cover a large surface area, which means they increase the speed of finishing work. This option is ideal in cases where the deadlines are compressed.
- Wide slats. This material is recommended to be used for exterior decoration (walls, balconies).
- Narrow boards. They are perfect for interior walls.
Many buyers are interested in the question of which direction the boards should be positioned (vertically or horizontally). There are no strict installation requirements. The only thing to consider is:
- vertical stripes visually help to raise the ceiling in the room and expand the space, therefore it is recommended for relatively small rooms;
- The horizontal layout of the boards looks great in spacious rooms.
Benefits lining calm
Given all the above characteristics, you can identify several advantages that this type of finishing material has.
- Allows you to achieve a smooth surface without drops.
- Suitable for exterior and interior decoration.
- Increases the speed of finishing works (refers to the lamellas of large width).
- Differs lower price.
For the manufacture of boards lining often use such conifers as:
Such wood differs from hardwood at once by several characteristics.
Tar content In the wood of spruce and pine there is a high resin content. It is these substances that act as natural antiseptics that prevent the appearance of fungus and mold. Pine wall paneling is the perfect solution for facing the external walls of the house.
Strength. Especially high rate boasts pine. In addition, parts from this wood are easy to process. Working with her is a pleasure.
Low thermal conductivity. Despite this feature, coniferous lamellae are not recommended to be used for the finishing of baths and saunas. The fact is that when heated, coniferous wood emits a large amount of resin, which negatively affects a person's well-being.
One of the most expensive and high-quality options can be called the calm of the cedar lining. In addition to high strength, it has healing properties.
Laminated wood of deciduous trees
Hardwood does not contain resins, so it is worth choosing it for facing walls inside buildings. At the same time, the assortment here is much larger than in the coniferous category.
Alder, linden. The peculiarity of these options is a high porosity index. Such boards heat poorly, so even very high temperatures can withstand without problems. To place a steam room, the best solution is simply not to find.
- Oak. It is worth choosing if you need a good, durable and durable finish.
- Birch. The wood of this variety is afraid of high humidity, so this lining is suitable only for dry and well-ventilated rooms.
- Larch. The lining calm of larch favorably differs in magnificent drawing, high durability and immunity to high humidity.
When choosing a finishing material, it should be borne in mind: the entire lining is different not only in type of wood, but also in grade (material quality).
Premium class (extra). Lining the calm "extra" from larch, cedar, aspen and any other wood is the most expensive material compared to other categories.Boards premium class smooth, smooth, devoid of chips, cracks and other flaws. This finish is just perfect for expensive interiors.
A class. We have to admit that at a more affordable price, boards of this sort can be no worse than “extra”. When buying, you need to pay attention to the external characteristics of the products. The core can be present only on 20% of the area of the boards; non-through cracks of a few mm are allowed. There should be no black and loose knots at all.
Class B (or grade 2). On such boards there are visual defects. These are black knots and pitch pockets. The presence of small rot and blue is acceptable (up to 10% of the total area). Dents, cracks and small chips can be no more than 3 units per meter linear.
Class C. This finishing material is much cheaper than the rest, but its quality can be quite bad. Some manufacturers under the guise of lining the C class realize the usual manufacturing defects. Here in large numbers there are chipped, through cracks, dark cores and loose knots.
Understanding what this is lining calm, many probably agree with the fact that such a finishing material is just perfect for cladding the inner and outer surface of the walls.It is attractive in appearance, completely natural and durable. However, to achieve an excellent result, the choice should be approached as seriously as possible.