Loss of consciousness. Causes, symptoms, clinical death
As a rule, loss of consciousness occurs when there is a lack of glucose necessary for the organism and a small supply of oxygen to the brain cells. Having seen the presence of accompanying symptoms, it is safe to diagnose that a loss of consciousness has occurred. First aid should follow immediately, as the onset of a state of clinical death is dangerous. The victim should be examined for the presence of major signs of fainting. Do not listen to advice, where they offer to conduct a visual inspection - an extra loss of time can be critical for the victim, and a visual inspection, in any case, can not give a complete picture of the incident. Therefore, you should immediately check the pulse in the carotid artery. You also need to pay attention to whether the victim has breathing and the reaction of the pupils to light. If something is not, then you should go to resuscitation.
A person may lose consciousness as a result of heart failure or due to other factors. Causes of loss of consciousness are quite diverse. This can be a heat stroke when a person overheated in the sun, or the lack of necessary oxygen in a musty room. Problems with the heart and internal organs can lead to a temporary shutdown of the brain. Also, loss of consciousness can be caused by a blow to the back of the head or by painful shock from any exposure, poisoning, diabetes or internal bleeding. The latter is extremely difficult to identify. If the patient is unable to stand or sit normally and is constantly “turned off” while lying down and comes to life again, then this is one of the signs that the loss of consciousness is caused by hidden internal bleeding.
If everything is in order with the heartbeat and breathing, then a series of rehabilitation procedures should be performed for the victim. To begin with, it is necessary to bring a cotton wool dipped in liquid ammonia to the nose - this will return the patient to a conscious state. Also, if the patient is diagnosed with a reduced glucose level, it is necessary to administer intravenous glucose injections of 40%.But this is a method of treatment in a hospital setting.
What to do if the usual loss of consciousness turned out to be a clinical death? Such a diagnosis can be made in the absence of respiration, palpitations, or when there is no reaction of the pupils to light. In this case, emergency resuscitation will be necessary. This is an indirect heart massage and mechanical ventilation. This is a fairly simple procedure, if you understand and remember what to do. To begin with, it is necessary to inflict a precordial blow. If he did not help, then you need to find a point on the victim's chest, 2-3 cm above the xiphoid process. Lay your palms in there with the direction of your thumb to the head or to the feet of the patient. In order to pump the required amount of blood into the heart, it is necessary to make strong enough strokes with a frequency of 40-60 beats per minute for several hours. In the absence of respiration, artificial ventilation of the lungs should also be carried out, before this, by clearing the patient's mouth from foreign matter. It is necessary to make 2-3 breaths for 30 pressing.