National Bulgarian cuisine and its features
In addition to the amazing nature of Bulgaria is famous for its national cuisine. Perhaps the most vivid impression of the rest in this country, tourists call it local treats.
Bulgarian cuisine is varied and versatile. It clearly felt the influence of Turkey and Greece. Countries are close geographically and firmly connected by historical ties. In addition, in the cuisine of Bulgaria one can trace the notes of the national cuisines of Hungary, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Italy. Bulgarian dishes have oriental chic, Slavic flavor, Georgian generosity and oriental piquancy.
It has long been in this country for cooking used special stoves. They are called scare. As a result of a tandem of skilled hands of the cook and this oven, amazingly tasty dishes cooked in pots or on a grill (lattice) are obtained. Especially popular here are kebabs, kebabs, sausages, kharcho soups, basturma.Fish is generally grilled whole and is served on the table.
Many people call Bulgaria that way for the abundance of vegetables that grow here. The climate contributes to the cultivation of tomatoes and eggplants, cucumbers and sweet peppers, carrots and potatoes, zucchini and various types of cabbage. That is why Bulgarian cuisine is famous. Salads are prepared here a variety, bright and incredibly tasty. Vegetables are used in different forms: they are boiled, stewed, fried, baked in the oven or on a lattice, pickled and eaten raw.
Bulgarian cuisine always surprises tourists with an abundance of dishes from stuffed vegetables. Bulgarians around the world are famous for the ability to cook tasty and fragrant vegetable dishes. What are the only stuffed eggplant! Inside - crushed aromatic garlic, healthy fresh greens, cheese, hot peppers, tomatoes. From above everything is sprayed with a mixture of vegetable oil and spices.
The national dish is Shops salad, consisting of a variety of vegetables (tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, sweet peppers, green onions, parsley and cheese). Bulgarian cuisine is famous for its proper recipe.In salads, you will never find fatty calorie mayonnaise. As a rule, they are all dressed with a special sauce, which consists of wine vinegar, vegetable (olive) oil and fresh greens.
Present in the national cuisine of Bulgaria and cabbage rolls. This dish is called sarmi. Grape leaves are wrapped in a special way pickled lamb or pork. In addition to the dish, fresh vegetable salad, cheese slices and red wine are always offered.
Often, Bulgaria is called a paradise for vegetarians and supporters of proper nutrition. The abundance of vegetable dishes does not have to gain in weight. This confirms the appearance of most Bulgarian women, slim and harmoniously folded.
There is no usual fatness and nutritiousness for a Russian person in Bulgarian soups. The summer warm climate caused the absence in the first courses of fatty meats, rich broths and a large number of potatoes. The first dishes of the Bulgarian cuisine are light aromatic salads, in which there is abundant fresh greens and a variety of savory spices.
Tarator - Bulgarian soup known all over the world.It has an incredibly pleasant light taste and rich aroma. There are a huge number of recipes for this dish. However, the main ingredients are always coarsely chopped fresh cucumbers, chopped walnuts, fresh dill and parsley, flavored garlic and sour milk.
Any Bulgarian restaurant serves soups even in the morning. Tarator often Bulgarians use it for breakfast. Most of their soups are somewhat similar to our Russian okroshka. They are served cold and with plenty of fresh greens.
Present in the national cuisine of Bulgaria and meat soups. They are here called sweat. They are cooked in meat broth with the addition of boiled meat, meatballs, tripe, boiled or smoked sausages.
The abundance of cheeses is also inherent in the Bulgarian cuisine. Brynza enjoys special love from local chefs. It is added to most salads, meat, fish and pastries. Used when stuffing vegetables and while cooking pancakes. Due to the ability of this cheese to be combined with most products, its use is fully justified and permissible.
Despite the fact that Bulgaria is famous for its abundance of vegetables, meat and fish dishes are also popular here and loved by local people. The national Bulgarian cuisine uses pork, lamb, lamb and beef. Meat, of course, combined with vegetable side dishes. It is stewed, baked, grilled on an open fire, marinated for cooking kebabs.
Bulgarian cooks make fantastic taste of sausages from dried or stewed meat - these are lukanka, dried lady, old man, grandmother and others. They are added vegetables, nuts, mushrooms, onions and garlic. As a rule, sausages are served with vegetable salads and cheese slices. Cold or hot, they are amazingly tasty and fragrant.
Bulgarians prepare very tasty kebabs using a wide variety of meats. Sischett is a popular dish made from several types of meat over an open fire with the addition of vegetables. In the methods of marinating kebabs can be traced the obvious influence of the Georgian and Armenian cuisines.
Poultry dishes occupy a special place in this kitchen. It is baked, stews and kebabs, salads and casseroles are made from it.Most often in the preparation involved skara, which is a grate installed over an open fire.
Also, Bulgarian cuisine is popular Sach Kushan. This incredibly tasty dish is prepared in special pottery. In the recipe there is meat, vegetables, sausage and ham. All this is flavored with greens and fragrant spices. Prepared on coals. Straight in a clay pan served on the table.
Recipes from the Bulgarian cuisine, in which the main role is played by fish, are also popular. Especially often it is cooked on the south coast. The most famous fish dish is palakia. These are pieces of fish fillet stewed with fresh vegetables.
Pastries and sweet dishes
Bulgarians especially respect sweets and pastries. All sorts of cakes and pies, bagels and pies, cakes and fruit desserts, halva and baklava - a huge number of sweet recipes.
One of the famous desserts is banitsa. This dish is a layer cake, the filling for which is cheese with aromatic herbs and greens. Buns with a variety of fruit jams, marmalade, cheeses are very popular with Bulgarians.
And, of course, in such a hot summer country like Bulgaria, they cannot but love ice cream. The most popular option is fruit.
Spices and greens
Greens in the dishes of the Bulgarian cuisine is almost always present. Even pastries with cheese filling will surely be flavored with fragrant fresh greens. It is put in vegetable salads and first cold dishes, in a marinade for kebabs and in a pot with stew.
Bulgarians do not abuse spices, preferring to use them in moderate and deliberate quantities. Especially popular here are thyme, rosemary, smindukh (fenugreek) and all sorts of ready-made mixtures of herbs.
We reviewed the range of dishes that offers Bulgarian cuisine (photo attached). Now I would like to focus on the wines. The climate of this country favors the cultivation of grapes, which the Bulgarians do well. This country is famous all over the world for its amazing set of aromatic red and white wines.
A surprising fact: the best red wine is grown exclusively in the south of the country. But the northern areas are famous, on the contrary, white varieties of this drink.
In addition to wines in Bulgaria, spirits are also respected, including brandy, brandy, mastic. The latter is especially appreciated, which is an alcoholic drink whose strength reaches 47 degrees.
Rakia is a fortified homemade drink made from plums, apricots, peaches or grapes. Often they add nuts, honey, various fruits, anise or cherry tree fruits. This drink is prepared in special oak containers. The minimum cooking time for raki is six months. Locals say that the longer the barrels with it are left closed, the more noble and fragrant the drink will turn out.
Low alcohol drinks are also popular. For example, many Bulgarians appreciate a malt drink called Bosa. Its fortress is only one percent. It is often used with kebabs and hot meat dishes.
Bulgaria is an amazingly beautiful and generous country. It is a paradise for culinary gourmets. But if it is not possible to visit her personally, feel her color by tasting the national dishes. Bulgarian cuisine in Moscow is represented in many restaurants, including Baba Marta, Stage, Vitello, Mehana Bansko, Pliska and others.Each restaurant has professional chefs who know the national peculiarities of the Bulgarian cuisine.