Pain in the left side from behind in the lower back - what is the symptom?
Pain in the left side of the lower back-This is practically an inevitable phenomenon in each of theus. Almost 60% of the adult population at any given moment of life experience them (by the way, left-sided pain is more common than right-sided pain). The range of causes that cause this pain is very wide, therefore it is very risky to engage in self-diagnosis in such cases, and the most reasonable way is to consult a doctor.
How pain manifests in the lower back
This problem is very diverse - it can be a dull pain in the left side, and a constant aching, alternating with periods of active build-up.
She can move down to the hip and give infoot. Some during the attack note numbness and a feeling of coldness in the leg, while others, on the contrary, describe the hot flushes. In some cases, pain can be given to the scapula and even affect the neck and arm.
The causes of back pain are not always clear
The cause that can cause pain in the left sideback in the lower back, there may be a hypothermia and serious pathology of the internal organs. And patients, by the way, are sometimes disappointed that it is difficult to clearly define its nature, despite x-rays, blood tests and even more advanced visualization - CT or MRI.
It is not necessary to fall into despair in such cases, the reality is that low back pain often has a whole complex of reasons.
Muscles of lower back
A group of muscles and ligaments along the entire length of the spineIt provides support and facilitates the movement. Any trauma in them or strong tension can further cause, including pain in the left side from behind in the lower back.
This can happen both as a result of the fall, soand with excessive bending or twisting at the time of sports or when lifting heavy objects. Obesity and bad physical shape also play a sad role in this.
Many patients complain aboutthe soreness of any movement, and this condition worsens when coughing, laughing and sneezing. The doctor in such cases, as a rule, appoints anti-inflammatory drugs that can provide a reduction in painful sensations.
If the relief is not observed, or the symptoms return after a time, the patient is prescribed a visit to physiotherapeutic procedures that can support the basic treatment.
Intervertebral hernia and sciatica
Constant pain in the left flank in the back can be caused by the presence of an intervertebral hernia.
Intervertebral discs are structures thatprovide cushioning between the bones of our spine. Over time, they wear out, the bulges on them are erased, and in some cases even the disc is interrupted. When this happens, the gelatinous nucleus is displaced from its normal position, which leads to the appearance of a hernia. It compresses the neighboring nerve and, as a result, causes severe pain.
If the disc in the lower back compresses the sciatica nerve, a condition arises that in medicine is defined as lumbosacral radiculitis (sciatica). Pain in this disease, as a rule, sharp, sharp. It gives into the gluteal region, the back of the thigh, down to the popliteal part of the foot, causing numbness of the limb. Most often this is a strong one-sided pain, in which the patient can not stand.
How is the pain in the left side of the back with the intervertebral hernia
Treatment of a herniated intervertebral disc is reduced tothe use of physiotherapy, special massage, acupuncture courses, as well as pain medications. If the person already has numbness of the limb, the treatment may include injections of corticosteroids.
The main goal of therapy in such cases as painin the left lateral side, which prevents the patient from returning to a normal state, is an improvement in blood supply and a decrease in the inflammatory process in the hernia.
Surgical intervention is required only in cases when conservative treatment does not give the expected results.
Intercostal neuralgia and heart disease
There are several more causes that cause painin the left side. The ribs and the area beneath them become painful in the case of cardiac pathologies, manifest in the form of angina, aortic aneurysm or pericarditis.
And with the appearance of intercostal neuralgia, the patientexperiences not only acute piercing pain, not passing either day or night, but also increased sweating, as well as redness of the skin. Any sudden movement, deep breathing, sneezing or coughing causes an increase in painful sensations.
This state is caused by problemsspine (including intervertebral hernia), trauma, intoxication of the body and various pathologies of the endocrine system. Neuralgia is treated depending on what it is caused, and the main therapy is reduced to strict bed rest and the reception of pain medications. To them, as a rule, add anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants that relieve muscle spasm.
Pain in the left side from behind in the lower back can beis caused by a kidney infection called pyelonephritis. In most cases, it is a complication of infectious diseases of the bladder. But sometimes the kidneys get infected and bypassing the bladder.
Regardless of how the infection occurred, the complex of symptoms accompanying pyelonephritis is the same. In addition to back pain, it can be:
- fever, chills;
- the urge to vomit;
- painful and frequent urination;
- change in the composition of urine (it becomes turbid, has a sharp odor, it appears blood corpuscles).
Renal infection requires a mandatory visit to a specialist. Treatment is mainly performed by antibiotics, hospitalization is required only in severe cases of the disease.
Sometimes (very rarely) pyelonephritis becomeschronic, which is, as a rule, the result of the underlying disease or anatomical pathology of the urinary tract. In this case, consultation with the surgeon is also necessary.
Pain in the left side: kidney
Kidney stones can also lead to the appearance ofpainful pain in the lower back, irradiating to the lower abdomen and groin. It is joined by a feeling of constant urge to urinate, which is common to those who suffer from this disease, nausea, flatulence and the urge to vomit. In the urine, as a rule, there is blood, caused by trauma to the mucosa moving in the passageways of the urinary tract with a stone.
Most often, the pathology is followed by a dullpain in the left side, which, in case the stone blocks the ureter or renal pelvis, may increase, up to the state of renal colic. Therefore, anesthesia in the treatment of kidney stones is a priority. Often a combination of anti-inflammatory drugs and narcotic pain medications is required.
With small stones, the patient is advised to followdiet and drink plenty of water, which can help them get out of the kidneys, while at the same time preventing the formation of new ones. Large stones do not go out on their own. In this case, the medical procedures are aimed at helping them to leave the kidneys.
A specialist doctor (urologist) will determine the appropriatea course of treatment. This may be the taking of drugs that dissolve stones, and their removal through the urethra using sound waves (lithotripsy). In particularly severe cases, open surgical intervention is used.
Stenosis of the spinal canal
Pain in the lower back also occurs in the case whenThe vertebral canal begins to narrow and thus encroaches on the spinal cord. This process occurs mainly in the elderly and is the result of benign fat formation (lipoma), intervertebral hernia, epiduritis (inflammation of cerebrospinal membranes) or Bechterew's disease (deposits in calcium salt bonds).
Common symptoms include pain in the left side of the backin the lower back, numbness of the limbs, general weakness, the appearance of lameness due to the pain giving away in caviar. In severe cases, they are joined by violations of the urinary bladder and intestine (it is difficult for the patient to control the process of excrement).
The main treatment for stenosis is similartherapeutic actions in the infringement of the intervertebral hernia. Anesthesia can be achieved with non-steroid drugs, along with which muscle relaxants and antidepressants are used. And physiotherapeutic procedures help maintain strength and mobility in the spine.
In case of ineffectiveness of usual pain relieversDrugs are given to patients with steroid injections, which can provide long-term relief for many, but sometimes, when the condition can lead to disability, surgical intervention is required. The surgical procedure in such cases is aimed at removing the pressure exerted on the spinal cord.
Other possible causes of pain: colitis
Pain in the bottom of the left side is caused by a variety of reasons,and only a doctor can find the best waydiscover them. It can be: ovarian cysts, fibroids and various tumors, as well as gastrointestinal problems such as irritable bowel syndrome, peptic ulcer or inflammation of the pancreas.
For example, if the patient has had an intestinal infection, then he may have inflammation of the large intestine, which is called colitis. Its main symptoms are:
- aching pain in the lower left side;
- false desires fordefecation;
- rumbling in the abdomen and flatulence;
- a disorder of the stool with blood or mucous secretions in the feces.
Treatment of colitis implies compliance withspecial diet and drug therapy. Infectious colitis requires antibacterial and analgesic drugs, and in severe cases and compliance with bed rest.
In what cases it is necessary to urgently contact a doctor
From what has been said above, it is not difficult to conclude that the constant pain in the left sideat the back may be a sign of seriousa disease that carries a danger to life. So, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor, especially if along with back pain there are the following symptoms:
- sudden sharp pain in the abdomen;
- severe weakness, fever, or chills;
- unexplained weight loss or night sweats;
- disruption of the bowel and bladder functions.
Any of these can be a sign of a life-threatening process, for example, a rupture of the abdominal aorta, cancer, or severe infection.