Principles of labor law - the basic ideas of the industry
Any branch of law must contain the principles on which it is based. Without them, a correct understanding of the law itself, its characteristics and direction is impossible. After all, the principles of labor law, along with the subject and method, form the basis and the main idea on which the legislation is formed. In science there is a gradation, according to which general ideas and electives can be singled out. The first are characterized by the fact that they can be applied for any right. A classic example is the rule of law, which should be the determining motive in the activities of all bodies and officials. Sectoral principles of labor law are related to the fact that they are applied only in a separate field.
Freedom of labor
This is the main basis for relevant legislation. The basic principles of labor law, it is important to begin to analyze it with this.They are characterized by the fact that every citizen can express himself in absolutely any field of knowledge and skills, regardless of various factors and economic indicators. In addition, when concluding an employment contract, it is important that the professional qualities of the candidate are evaluated, such as the level of knowledge and experience. The principle of freedom of labor also means that a person may not work at all, realizing this situation. In addition, forced labor is prohibited, its use is impossible in a civilized society and the state.
Unemployment protection and employment assistance
The principles of labor law are directly dependent on the provisions of the Constitution, which defines Russia as a social state. In this regard, there are social functions, the implementation of which is a priority in activities. Basically, these functions are implemented in regions with a depressed state in the labor market and in economically difficult years. For example, additional funds are left in the budget to help citizens, they enter part-time or a week, thereby saving jobs.
They occupy a separate place in the legal regulation. The principles of labor law in this case tell us that the place where a person works must comply with safety and hygiene standards. This condition must be provided by the employer. In addition, the rules prescribe the universality of this provision, which means its distribution to all enterprises and institutions. It is also important to take into account the specifics of the work of certain categories of citizens (women, minors, etc.).
The right to rest
This constitutional provision, which smoothly flows into the principles of labor law. The law establishes minimum standards for the duration of rest to which a person is entitled. Moreover, the daily, weekly and annual intervals of this time are determined, i.e. for different periods of labor activity. It is important to note that this provision applies only to citizens who work under an employment contract.
Sectoral principles of labor law, which were listed, are guaranteed to citizens, including constitutional provisions. In addition, it is important to remember about fair pay for work, respect for the rights of workers, as well as their protection.There are optional principles that are also reflected in the labor code.