The black currant variety Pygmy was bred less than twenty years ago, but its huge sweet berries, enviable yield and simplicity of cultivation do not leave anyone indifferent. Currently, the variety is sold throughout the country, including Karelia, Siberia and the Far East.
Description of black currant Pygmy
The height of the pygmy bush reaches 2 meters
Pygmy can be considered a great success of the South Ural Scientific-Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato. In 1999, it was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements and approved for use in the Volga-Vyatka, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
The variety is self-fertile, annually gives a bountiful harvest of up to 6 kg from an adult bush. It copes well with frosts up to 35 degrees. Plant height up to 2 meters, compact with bright green five-lobed leaves.Fruits better in the vicinity of varieties of Bagheera, Yadrennaya, Treasure, Lucia. The harvest is annual, plentiful. With age, berries do not grow thin, and their weight is very solid, average 4-5 grams, but come across up to 8.
Blossoming at a grade long. In the south, up to 45 days, in the middle lane to 25. Accordingly, the harvest is delayed for the same period. Berries begin to ripen in late June or early July. Ripening takes place in several waves. And that is great. Usually they rejoice at the harmonious harvest, but in the case of Pygmy, long-term fruiting is only by the way. It's all about the taste of berries. They're sweet. Just sweet, sour and children eat them like strawberries. Therefore, the opportunity to have such a wonderful fresh dessert on the table for a long time cannot be upsetting. Tasting grade 5.
Pygmy rarely suffers from most diseases of the currant. He does not suffer from powdery mildew, anthracnose and downy mildew, but is prone to septoria. Of the pests, the kidney mite is especially dangerous.
In black currant varieties Pygmy abundant fruiting
Pygmy can be distinguished from other currant varieties by the pink shade of green twigs and bronze-colored buds.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Some characteristics of the Pygmy variety are regarded positively or negatively.
|Great taste||Unmatched ripening|
Exposure to some
diseases and pests
High degree of adaptation
to frost, heat, drought,
cold rainy summer
When you have a cold and cough, pour boiling water over the dried berries of the currant at the rate of: 1 tablespoon per glass of water. Wrap and insist 1-2 hours. Drink 1-2 glasses 3 times a day.
Planting of currant
September is considered the best time for planting currants. Before the cold, the seedlings root well, and in the spring with the first heat they grow. You can plant them in the spring, preferably before blooming buds. Saplings, rooted in buckets, containers or in a bundle of earth, wrapped in film can be planted during the whole growing season.
Selection of seedlings
According to the accepted standards, a currant sapling with an open root system, put up for sale should be shortened to 25–30 cm, without leaves. The root is 10–15 cm, stem diameter is 0.8–1 cm in two-year-old saplings, 0.6–0.8 cm in annuals.The plant should look alive: with a shiny bark, without visible damage, thickening, cracks, sagging, stains. Root flexible, not overdried without blisters, rot.
Saplings can be grown and themselves from cuttings and layering.
Healthy currant seedling ready for planting
Best of all currant grows and bears fruit in well-lit areas. The Pygmy variety is not particularly capricious with regard to the soil, however, too light sandy, swampy and very acidic areas will not work.
They dig up the earth, level, remove weeds, especially perennial ones, mark the rows. Pygmy bushes are quite high, so the distance between the bushes is 2 meters, and between rows 2.5 meters. Currants are planted in pits measuring 40–45 cm in depth and 60 cm in diameter. Pits are prepared at least one month before disembarkation.
During excavation of the pit, the top layer of the soil is 20-25 cm spread out in one direction, and the lower one in the other. To the fertile surface soil add 2 buckets of compost or rotted manure, 1 cup of superphosphate and potassium sulfate in the amount of 2 tablespoons. If the soil is acidic, you can add 0.5 liters of ash. Enriched soil is well mixed and poured back into the pit. The prepared pit is left before landing. Excess ground scatter on the site.
Pits for planting currants are prepared for 1-2 months
Before planting, prepare seedlings. A day or two before the scheduled planting date, the roots of the plants are placed in a solution of growth stimulant and root development. Suitable drugs Epin, Effecton, Kornevin, Heteroauxin, potassium humate. In the solution add a pink solution of potassium permanganate. A few hours before planting, “transplant” the planting material into the clay mash. This creamy mass of clay in half with the earth, well mixed with water and manure. When planting, you can use a hydrogel from 5 to 10 grams per bush. He is put in a pit and filled with water.
Hydrogel is a special polymer that has the ability to absorb water. One gram of hydrogel can absorb 200–300 grams of water and, being in the soil, slowly give water to the plant. It “works” in the soil for 5 years, and then it disintegrates without leaving toxins.
Stepwise landing process
- Remove the top layer of the nutrient mixture from the pit.
- Place the sapling at an angle of 45 degrees, and bury the root neck by 7-10 cm.
- Carefully straighten the roots without kinking and twisting.
- Small portions fill up the hole to half, tracking that there are no voids under the root.
- Pour about 5 liters of water on the roots to compact the soil and fill the hole to the top.
- Lightly compact the soil around the seedling and form a watering circle (ring furrow 40–50 cm in diameter).
- Carefully pour 1–2 buckets of water into the groove.
- Trim the trunk 20 cm above the surface, making sure that 2-3 buds remain on the trunk.
In order to grow a currant crop, one should regularly perform simple agrotechnical measures for nursing: watering, weeding, mulching, fertilizer, prevention of diseases and pests, preparation for winter.
After planting, the seedlings are watered every day, making sure that there is no stagnation of water. As root, water less often.
Adult plants are watered 4 times per season:
- after flowering at the beginning of the formation of the ovary,
- in the period of growing berries, before they begin to stain,
- after harvest,
- prewinter watering at the end of September.
The irrigation rate is 2–5 buckets per adult bush. But we must take into account the weather and the soil. If there is a drought, it should be watered more often. To properly determine the watering it is necessary to excavate a pit under the bush with a depth of 25 cm, take the soil from the bottom and squeeze it into a ball. Watering is necessary if the lump will disintegrate.
It should be watered around the bush so that the soil does not erode and the water reaches the periphery of the root system.
Currants watered on the periphery of the root system
Weeding, loosening and mulching
These procedures are carried out for the season repeatedly as needed.It is advisable to loosen a few hours after each watering or rain, when a crust forms on the surface of the earth.. This crust blocks the path of air into the soil, so the roots do not get the right amount of oxygen needed for normal nutrition.
Weeding is necessary because weeds create an environment suitable for the development of pathogenic microflora, and serve as a shelter for insect pests. It is convenient to carry out with loosening.
Soil mulching retains moisture well, and if vegetable mulch: compost, sawdust, simply mowed grass, as it goes through it, it serves as an additional fertilizer. Instead of mulch, you can use green manure plants. They loosen, fertilize and disinfect the soil. This may be mustard, rye, oats, phacelia or other sedentary plants. They can be sown under currant bushes and in between rows, and when they grow they can be mowed and embedded in the soil as fertilizer or left on the surface as mulch.
Lupine is used as a siderat plant.
In early spring, after melting snow, currant bushes can be fertilized with a solution of urea or ammonium sulfate. On a bucket of water take 1 tablespoon of this or that drug dissolve and pour under a bush of a currant. You can simply pour out into the trunks and fix it with earth.
During the flowering period, 40–50 grams of urea is dry or in solution and is applied under the root. It is better to combine with watering. If bushes older than 6 years old take a half dose, divide it into two portions and add one after the other with a break of two weeks. Within 3 days you can insist on 0.5 liters of manure or half a cup of chicken manure per bucket of water. First water the bush, then the infusion and the water again.
The following feeding is carried out during the formation of the ovary in early June. It can also be mineral or organic. It can be watered with a solution of 10 grams of potassium sulfate and 20 grams of superphosphate per 1 bucket of water. You can take ready-made fertilizer for berry crops and apply according to the instructions. As an option for organic farming suitable fertilizer from potato peel. Potato peel or small, sprouted, substandard potatoes are washed, dried and crushed.Then rake out a bunch of mulch laid out potato chips and watered.
Video: potato peeling fertilizer
The next period for fertilizer occurs 3-4 weeks after the end of fruiting. You can pour half a bucket of compost mixed with half a liter of ash under each bush, or you can take ready-made mineral fertilizer for berry crops that does not contain nitrogen.
Preparing for the winter
In the first half of October, pre-winter irrigation is carried out. It must be abundant in order to soak the entire root system to a depth of 40 cm. After the leaves fall, collect them and remove them from the site, and dig the soil. To prevent the appearance of diseases and parasites, spraying of bushes and soil is carried out. You can spray the currants with a solution of urea and copper sulfate. To do this, 700 grams of urea and 10 grams of copper sulfate are dissolved in a bucket of water.
The currant of Pygmy variety has good frost resistance and there is no special need to cover it, however, to protect it from strong winds and in case of waiting for an especially severe winter, it is necessary to tie up bushes. The string is fastened on a thick branch near the ground and the bushes are fastened upward in a spiral upward, fastening the string at the top. Top wrap with agrofiber several times.
The autumn time, when the leaf is already fallen, and springtime before the budding of the buds is suitable for work on the formation of bushes.
Begin to trim the currant immediately after planting, when the stem is shortened to 20 cm, leaving 2-3 buds on it. After a year and a half after planting, they leave 3–4 strongest shoots on a young bush, and the rest are cut out at the root. A year later, these shoots are shortened by one quarter, and cut the side branches, which are directed downwards and in the center of the crown. From the lateral branches growing upwards, leave 3-4 pieces on each stalk through approximately equal intervals. Of the new, annual shoots again leave 3-4. In the third and fourth year pruning is carried out according to the same scheme. By the fifth year, the Pygmy shrub should be fully formed and consist of 12-15 branches.
There is also a sanitary pruning of currant bushes. It consists of removing the diseased, broken branches, as well as those that grow down or in the center of the crown. Still need to remove the branches, which rub against each other and damage the bark. Sanitary pruning is carried out as the branches are to be removed.
Diseases and pests
Table: Currant Disease
Small spots of brownish or brick color on the leaves.
As the disease progresses, the spots become white almost
transparent with a dark almost black border.
There are black dots, spores.
The leaves dry and fall in the middle of summer.
If you find a disease in the summer to process drugs
Skor, Previkur, Captan, Oksihom, Abiga-Peak according to the instructions
In the spring immediately after the snow melt, Nitrafen treatment
at the rate of 2 grams per 1 square. meter.
During the growing season, a few
treatments 3% Bordeaux liquid during budding,
tying berries and after harvest.
In case of severe damage to plants, treat bushes and soil
Drugs Trichodermin, Ravral according to the instructions.
On the underside of the leaves are formed bright
orange spots from the villi. Spots can grow
and take the sheet in full.
Loosening the soil under the bushes. Drug Treatment
Topaz, Mancozeb for instructions.
If rust occurs every year you should take a course
spraying 2% iron sulfate or drug Hom
according to the instructions. The first treatment is about May, two more
repeated after 10 days.
Leaves become small. The color changes. Veins
thicken. The shape of the leaves changes: they become
three-bladed. Flowers acquire a purple color.
Disappears characteristic odor.
Cure a diseased plant can not. It should be uprooted
and burn immediately. The place where the bush grew grew 3%
copper sulphate and solution of potassium permanganate: 1 gram per 1 liter of water.
The mite lays the larvae in the kidneys. They look
round and swollen.
The bush grows poorly, bears fruit, development stops.
If little bloated buds are harvested by hand.
Place the cut or separation treated with a 3% solution
iron vitriol. It is recommended to fall asleep
Preparations against ticks (acaricides): Oberon, Neoron,
Nissoran, Omite. Process according to the instructions.
Lays eggs in the fruit ovary and eats the ovary from the inside.
Currant begins to turn black at the beginning of June, berries
acquire ribbed shape.
Damaged berries destroy.
Flowers and ovaries spray Fitoverm or
After harvesting, processing Aktellik, Ambush.
Caterpillar of tender green with black color. Leaves leaves
leaving streaks. Berries are covered with cobwebs and
eats from the inside.
After melting snow processing solution Hexachlorane.
Flower buds are sprayed with Kinmiks.
According to the ovary Leptocid.