Scottish cats: nature, care and possible diseases. Scottish cat breed
These charming creatures are close relatives of the British Shorthair purr. The Scottish cat breed is divided into species, which we describe in this article.
The first heroine of our story will be a Scottish Fold cat. Its main feature is a spherical head and adjacent hanging ears. In addition, these beauties are distinguished by round and large, wide-open eyes, which give the animal the appearance of a curious child. The fur of these cats is soft, smooth, resembling a plush coat, with a pronounced undercoat.
The torso is medium in size, characterized by rounded lines, well developed at the level of the croup and shoulders. The feet are round, well-shaped. The tail is most often of medium length, although it can be long, the tip is pointed.This is a real Scottish Fold cat.
The next species is a Scottish straight-eared cat. Representatives of the breed have a body of moderate length and paws with tightly clenched fingers. The head of the Scottish Straights is round with a prominent forehead and a round muzzle. Ears are either of medium size or very small, upright. The tips are pointed. Chin round. The neck is short and dense. The coat is of medium length.
The Scottish cat breed, as already mentioned, has several species. Highland fold is distinguished by a rounded head of perfectly regular shape with a strong chin, a dome-shaped high forehead. The neck is powerful. The cat has perfectly developed cheeks, a wide and short nose. The transition from the forehead to the nose is smooth.
The ears are folded, lowered forward, and since the animals have long hair, it seems that they are not there. The eyes are large and round, set wide apart.
The body is compact. It should not be short, like the Persians and the exotic. Disqualifying defects are considered excessive thickness, lack of mobility, shortened legs. Toes paws rounded, collected in a dense pad.
Tail of medium length, tapered towards the end, flexible. This Scottish Fold longhair cat has a very beautiful fur coat. The fur of these animals is soft and light, having a uniform texture, like silk to the touch. On the shoulders, legs and face it is shorter.
Another type of Scottish semi-longhair cats is the Highland Straight. This is a rare breed of beautiful and graceful animals with erect ears and elongated, like flowing wool. Its length reminds representatives of the Persian breed, but is more silky and dense.
These Scottish cats do not require daily combing, which greatly simplifies the care of them. The ears of the Highlands are small, straight-set, with rounded tips, evenly covered with wool. For this reason, the animal is called - Scottish straight-eared cat.
These are docile, intelligent creatures. Their character is similar to the British breed of cats.
The Scottish face, open with wide-open eyes, matches the character of this animal. Thus, the representatives of the breed are balanced, affectionate, livable and loving people creatures.Scottish cats of any species are very warm to children. They are sociable, quickly find a common language with other pets. Therefore, it can be stated with confidence that, along with the British, they can be considered ideal animals for the family.
Scottish cat, whose character is quite peaceful, easily amenable to education. In rare cases, she may show dominant behavior. Aggressive Scottish cats are never.
Representatives of this breed are lovers of play, but not for too long. Scottish cats "talk" quietly, in a low voice and very rarely purr. They almost do not snort, but this does not mean that, if necessary, they will not be able to stand up for themselves.
The Scottish cat, whose character can be called angelic, is the embodiment of elegance, tranquility and exquisite beauty.
It should be noted that nature has not bypassed these animals with their attention and generously rewarded them with luxurious fur coats with a wide palette of colors. So, in this breed there are black and white, red and blue, purple and chocolate cats.
Also the colors of Scottish cats can be divided into monochromatic and patterned (tiger, spotted, marble).Very effective colors with white, which may, depending on the distribution of white and colored areas on the body of the animal, have their own names: harlequin, van or bicolor.
In cats of this color, the fur is almost white, it is allowed to have no more than 1-2 spots on the head. The tail must be painted completely.
In white painted about a fifth of the body. Individual large spots on the head, back and croup are possible. The tail is painted completely. With the predominance of white color standard allows blue eyes.
In this case, 50% of the entire surface of the coat is dyed. The neck is decorated with a white collar, which forms a vicious circle. On the face you can see a white speck, shaped like a V, but upside down.
For many animal lovers in our country closer to continuous colors Scottish cats. Get to know them in more detail.
Ideally, it should be absolutely pure, with no impurities of a different tone. At birth, kittens may have colored spots on their heads, which disappear with age. The eyes may be blue, orange or yellow.
He assumes that the hair from the root to the tip has a thick black color. The paw pads are black, as is the nose.
Disqualifying factors are white hair, brown or rusty shade of coat, brown color or gray undercoat.
It must necessarily be uniform. As a standard, all shades of blue are allowed, but lighter tones are preferable. The disadvantages are white hairs, pattern on wool, rusty or brown shades, the difference between the color of the coat and the undercoat.
In this case, the primary color (purple) has a light pinkish tint. The nose is tender lavender-pink shade. Disadvantages - unpainted hairs, gray undercoat, the presence of a pattern on the coat.
This color is well familiar to us red cats. It must be completely flat throughout its length. It is desirable that the wool was bright, saturated color. Chance of light pattern on the top of the head and half rings on the legs. The disadvantage is the bright tip of the tail.
This is a combination of black and red, cream and blue, red and chocolate stains.Colors should be evenly and harmoniously mixed along the length of the body. Red may have different shades. A special "chic" is the presence of a cream or red spot on the forehead. Nose and paw pads are painted in accordance with the color and must include both colors.
Disadvantages are gray undercoat, pattern. Kittens at birth may have a smoky undercoat, but with age the color of the animal should stabilize.
Health and Care
Scottish cats are naturally endowed with good health. Often among them are long-lived.
However, Scottish cats, as well as any other living creatures, may have a tendency to various diseases.
Representatives of this breed are subject to such a serious ailment as osteochondrodystrophy. Experts say that the greatest inclination to this insidious disease is characteristic of animals that have inflexible, stiff limbs and a short, short tail. These signs indicate a possible pathology of the skeleton in the cat. It should be noted that lop-eared cats are more susceptible to such anomalies, and their relatives with erect ears have practically no such problems.
Scottish Fold cats, first of all, need care for the ears.Their unusual structure leads to enhanced sulfur emissions. Ears should be cleaned with a damp swab dipped in a special solution at least once every seven days.
Long-haired Scottish cats should be combed daily. Shorthair representatives of the breed this procedure is sufficient to carry out once a week. In the fall and spring, the Scots actively molt, at which time you should brush your pet more often to help him get rid of dead hair.
It is better to choose brushes with natural nap, which is not electrified. It is possible to bathe Scots before exhibitions or in process of pollution. Abuse this procedure is not worth it.
You should regularly examine the eyes of the animal and clean them with a wet swab. Periodically, you should pay attention to the oral cavity. Diseases of the gums and teeth are quite common in cats, so you need to regularly visit the veterinary clinic to remove tartar. This will help prevent many diseases.
Scottish cat: price
Today we introduced you to charming pets. In this regard, our readers will certainly have a question about their value. We want to note that it depends on the purity of the breed of the animal, the availability of all documents, the merits of its ancestors.A Scottish cat, the price of which can vary from 5 to 20 thousand rubles, will bring warmth and joy to your home.