The history of tourism: from ancient times to the present day
The journey for the ancient man was literallyany walk. Our ancestors were prompted by several reasons to wander: the desire to learn new territories more profitable for housing, and, of course, curiosity, a thirst for knowledge of the world around us.
Subsequently, when money and division appearedpeople to different classes, categories were formed, forced to constantly travel. The history of tourism development at the initial stage of its development was characterized by the following unique features:
- Development of trade. It was thanks to her that people satisfied their desire to know the world. For the merchants were built taverns, taverns, we can say, the first hotels. The service was not up to par. In addition, such establishments had a reputation for dens.
- The development of diverse religions has contributed toTravel to different epochs, but especially in the Middle Ages. Thousands of pilgrims rushed to other countries to see the shrine. For them, hotels were created, they were fed, they were told and showed holy places. In general, they did everything that is used today to serve tourists.
- Development of art and culture. The history of tourism included several categories of tourists whoBo wanted to get acquainted with the sights and customs of another country, or they studied another language, got education abroad.
There were people who traveled to improve their health, to find a country with a more favorable climate for them.
The whole history of tourism is divided into 4 main stages:
- From the birth of civilization to 1841 - the initial stage.
- 1841 - 1914 years. - the stage of the birth of organized tourism.
- 1914 - 1945 - formation of the tourism industry.
- 1945 to our time - the globalization of tourism.
Means of transport
The most popular was water transport. But in most cases they moved on animals or on foot.
The popularity of water transport reached itspeak in the ancient period. Already in those days, ships could travel long distances. Thus, new states began to be built on the shores of the seas.
In the 18-19th centuries the stagecoach became popular. But this vehicle had many shortcomings. It was narrow, narrow, could not accommodate a large number of people.
In the era of the Enlightenment, the history of tourism has becomeinclude the privileged classes, who, as a rule, went abroad to get an education. Without this, the nobility could not begin its career.
The increase in the amount of free time also contributed to the development of tourism.
The modern stage
Today people travel, mainly torelax, change the situation. The tourism industry is currently moving forward with leaps and bounds. New attractions are being created, hotels are being built. As in the past, not everyone can afford to travel.
The history of tourism has reached a new stage. Today some countries live at the expense of travelers. This is their almost main source of income. For example, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Egypt.