Gorky’s “Old Woman Izergil”: Analysis, Features and Main Thought
In the early period of his creative work, M. Gorky described his impressions of his travels in Russia. He paid most attention not to the narrator, but to the personalities of the people he met during the trip. The work "Gorky's Old Woman Izergil", an analysis of which is presented below, is one of the writer's best creations.
Gorky’s analysis of “The Old Women Izergil” should begin with the definition of the literary genre of this creation. It was written in 1895, researchers relate this story to the early period of the writer's work. It is written in the spirit of romanticism, which occupied one of the main roles in his work.
"Old Isergil" is one of the best works of the XIX century, written in this genre. The writer tried to find the answer to the question, what is the meaning of life. For this, he showed three points of view, thereby indicating that there is no definite answer to this question.Romanticism of the work allowed him to create a special composition.
Features of the composition
Further, in the analysis of “The Old Woman Izergil” of Gorky, it is necessary to tell about the construction of the plot of the story. In works like this, it seems that the narration is being written on behalf of two storytellers. The composition of this story is complex.
Even the writer himself noted that he could hardly create anything of the kind in beauty and slimness. The story of an old gypsy can be divided into three parts. At the same time, they are all united by one idea - this is the writer's desire to show the value of a person’s life. And these three stories create a holistic text.
The story is built on the antithesis - the opposition of Larry and Danko. The young gypsy is in some way similar to Larra — equally proud, freedom-loving, but still she is capable of real feelings. For Danko, the meaning of life was to serve people, selfless help. For the son of an eagle, the main thing is himself, his desires and freedom.
They represent two different perspectives on life. Larra is a manifestation and praise of individualism, and Danko is a love for people and a willingness to sacrifice everything for their well-being.Characteristic for them is that Larra is reminiscent only of a shadow, and of Danko - sparks of a bluish color, flashing before a thunderstorm, because good deeds remain forever in the hearts of people.
Story about Larra
Gorky’s analysis of The Old Women Izergil should be continued with the story of Larra, a proud and freedom-loving man. He was the son of an eagle and a woman. Larra was selfish, impudent, did not take into account the desires of other people, so he could not get along with anyone in the community.
Larra was proud to be the son of an eagle and believed that everything was permissible for him. But he was punished: he was expelled from the society of people, and obtained immortality. At first, Larra even rejoiced at this outcome: after all, the most important thing for him was freedom. And only after many years, he realized the real value of life, but by that time Larra had become only a shadow, reminiscent of his existence.
The Story of Danko
Analysis of Gorky's story "The Old Woman Izergil" continues with a legend about a young man named Danko. He was a true leader, handsome and intelligent, he could lead people along with himself and light a fire in their hearts. Danko was a brave man, and decided to help his people out of the dark forest.
The path was difficult, and the people began to grumble and blame the young man for all difficulties.Then he pulls the heart out of his chest, lighting the way for them to feel the love and kindness that came from his heart. But when they finally reached their goal, no one even thought that Danko sacrificed his life for them. Only one person, seeing the dying heart, stepped on it.
What did he do it for? Perhaps, out of fear that the sparkles of kindness and love will ignite in young people the desire for freedom and justice. And only the sparkles reminded of the disinterested act of Danko.
Image of a gypsy
In the analysis of “The Old Women Izergil” by M. Gorky, one must also consider the image of Izergil herself. She tells the story of her life: she was once a young and beautiful gypsy, proud, who loved freedom, traveling. She often fell in love and every time she thought that these were real feelings.
Once she really loved Artadeka and saved her lover from captivity. He offered her love as a thank-you for her salvation, but Izergil refused, because she did not need such dependent feelings. And then the woman realizes that there is a place for courage and deeds in life.
The story "The old woman Izergil" is one of the most famous works written in the spirit of romanticism. These legends are imbued with the motives of freedom, help people.At that time, more and more people supported revolutionary ideas, working people wanted a free life. Danko and his heart are people's hopes for revolutionary leaders. They would have led the common people out of the dependency they were in. This story encourages people to do good and disinterested acts. The writer has managed to express serious philosophical reflections in these ancient legends. It was an analysis of Gorky's work "The Old Woman Izergil".