Things forbidden in the USSR.
In Odnoklassniki, a whole galaxy of groups and communities were divorced, which would post each other pictures with captions like "put a like, if you remember what the USSR was likeyummy ice-creamand you want back in the USSR. ”The fact that the only competitor to the“ delicious Soviet ice cream ”was icicles, the authors of these pictures for some reason are silent, as the truth about what life really was inTHE USSR.
By the way, I can easily assume that life in the Soviet Union seemed to many Soviet citizens to be easy and free, especially to those who had never traveled abroad (there were 98% of them), did not read books or listen to foreign radio. Having no point of reference and a point of comparison, one could really decide that one lives in the freest and happiest country. In fact, life in the USSR was full of prohibitions and the words "DO NOT", even those things that constitute the normal natural rights of man were forbidden.
So, in today's post we will talk about those things that were banned in the USSR, and you will see what kind of a prison of nations this country really was. In general, go under the cat, it is interesting. Welladd friendsDo not forget)
1. It was impossible to criticize the government.
It sounds weird, but some USSR fans seriously argue that afterOctober RevolutionIn 1917, there was supposedly more freedom in the country. In fact, this is not true - I am far from idealizing Tsarist Russia, but after 1905 opposition publications were published in large numbers, there were many parties, the government was criticized and ridiculed in caricatures, and no one was imprisoned for it.
After the Bolsheviks came to power, any criticism of the authorities was banned, if a significant step was made backwards in terms of civil liberties. There was even a real criminal article for “anti-Soviet agitation” - to which, for example, they could have hemmed a denunciation of a neighbor in the communal kitchen - “he said that in our country there were interruptions in oil, apparently hidden anti-Soviet!”. In general, no legal criticism of the authorities in the USSR was impossible — critics were simply imprisoned.
2. It was impossible to go abroad.
Many people do not know this, but without the permission of the authorities and "the existence of a foundation" no one from the country of universal happiness would have let you out. It’s just because of his own will to go and see the world, the Soviet man did not have the right to do it - a “foundation” in the form of some trip to the symposium was necessary,scientific conference or, at worst, trips along the Komsomol line.
Overseas trips to symposiums were fought by employees at scientific research institutes of every kind, and tourist trips were also a scarce and rare thing that was far from being shared with everyone. Even before the trip it was necessary to go through an extremely humiliating procedure of “checks” along numerous lines - the state decided whether it could finally release its serf abroad.
It is not difficult to guess that a negligible number of people went abroad from the USSR, mainly from among the urban intelligentsia. The remaining 98% of the population was content with fairy tales about the "decaying West", which is about to embark on the path of revolutionary communism.
3. It was impossible to move freely within the USSR.
Yes, did not know? There was no "free movement" inside the USSR. That is, of course, you could go on a hike in the mountains with a backpack, but you couldn’t move on your own to Moscow, Minsk or Kiev. For this, the institute of the "propiska" was invented - which, in fact, prohibited free permission without any absentee ballots from the landowner from work, referrals and the like.
Once again - in the USSR you could not just move wherever you wish. And the Soviet peasants did not have passports at all from 1935 to 1974 - 50 million people were not allowed to leave their village for more than 30 days, and for such a departure it was necessary to take permission from the village council. What is this, if not slavery and not serfdom?
4. It was impossible to do business.
No private employment existed in the USSR — entrepreneurs were declared “parasites and speculators” and outlawed. In fact, in the USSR, a person could not realize his inalienable right to self-employment — in the best traditions of serfdom, the state itself decided who would work for whom and how much money to receive.
A separate struggle was fought with "speculators" - those who knew where to buy cheaper and sell more expensive. At the same time, the state itself was doing the same thing - buying goods abroad and reselling them on the domestic market with a profit, but it was forbidden for the “simple Soviet serfs” to do the same. Well, you already want to go back to the USSR?
5. It was impossible to store currency.
Of course, the USSR state itself had currency reserves — various Soviet goods (mainly raw materials) were sold to foreign countries for currency,after that, for the same currency, all sorts of useful nishtyaks were purchased from the West, but ordinary Soviet citizens could not keep the currency - for that there was a criminal article.
A citizen who has currency reserves may feel like a free person who can go abroad at any time — but the USSR did not need free citizens, so the free circulation of currency was completely banned. In the late USSR, alcohol was called "the strongest currency", with which bottles were calculated to work with doctors, plumbers, etc.
6. It was impossible to buy real estate.
Soviet citizens were deprived of the inalienable right to private property - when it was about something more serious than a rusty colander, tattered socks and filing Science and Life magazines for 1983-86 - for example, about an apartment. There was no free real estate market in the USSR - that is, it was impossible to simply come and buy an apartment you liked or sell your own, acquired by overwork.
True, there were some options - for example, in the late USSR it was possible to sell cooperative apartments, but only to members of the cooperative,plus there were also "indirect sales" - for example, when people agreed on some tricky exchange, separation / relocation, as a result of which one of the parties received an unofficial monetary compensation. But all this was, speaking in Belarusian, “pa-for Mezhami law”, such transactions were not massive, not protected and did not guarantee anything.
7. It was impossible to read what you want.
One of the main Soviet myths is that the USSR was supposedly "the most reading country". This myth was born because of counting the total amount of waste paper sold to the public - it was really considerable, because there was a state monopoly on printing books, and the state gave people lots of garbage in beautiful covers. Most bought these books just for the interior - so that there was something to put on the shelves.
What was published in the USSR? I analyzed it in detailhere in this post, here I will only repeat briefly - any boring "classics" of the XIX century (mainly with the "criticism of tsarism"), Soviet writers like Gaidar or Lev Kassil, books-memoirs like "Little Land" of Brezhnev, some fairy tales of the world’s peoples and scientific literature, like the "Directory of the driver gas generator cars." That's all.
From world classics of the 20th century, from thinkers like Kafka, Orwell and Bertrand Russell, Soviet readers were completely cut off. Good Russian writers were also banned - until the end of the fifties, Bulgakov was completely banned, until the eighties, Solzhenitsyn and Pasternak were forbidden. All this has left a huge intellectual gap in the life of entire generations - which is still felt today.
8. It was impossible to get a free education.
I think this will be one of the most unexpected items for fans.the USSR- because they often tell tales of "free apartments" and "free education" in the Union. In fact, no free education (as, in general, and free apartments) did not exist in the USSR - since 1940, education was paid in high school and in universities - training in metropolitan schools cost 200 rubles a year, in provincial schools 150, for tuition in the university paid 2 times more expensive.
This direct payment for tuition in universities was canceled only under Khrushchev, but there was a trick here - after graduating from university, the student must have worked 2 years on distribution without fail - in fact, it was impossible to reject the tuition fees with interest.So what is this "free education"? It’s as if I tell you - “let me teach you how to use a computer for free, and you’ll clean up my apartment for a year.”
Here is a list of Soviet bans I managed to make. Can you add something to it? What do you think about all this?
Be sure to write in the comments, interesting.