Tutoring in education - what is it? Description
Against the background of the rapidly developing possibilities of the modern world, the dramatically expanded diversity of sociocultural life and the dynamics of society as a whole, the educational school for a long time looked like an outdated system. The policy of our state, in particular, the modernization and reform of the education system of the Russian Federation, is aimed at eliminating the long-standing problem of eliminating the impersonality of the mass school.
Today, students are required to have a new quality - striving for an initiative, independent and responsible movement in their own continuous learning. But how should the training process change to ensure that these requirements are met?
New posts in Russian education
The individualization of educational programs has led to the emergence of new professions that are still unknown in the field of education. In our country there is a rather bright tendency to “Americanize” everything.As a result, the concept of “individual lessons” is gradually crowding out the term “coaching,” and teachers and teachers are reincarnated as tutors. However, if “coaches” are strengthened in the field of business, then what is tutoring in modern education? What will the tutor do in kindergarten, school or university?
Who is a tutor?
Translated from English, tutor means "home teacher, tutor, guardian." The origin of this word comes from the Latin tueor - to care, to protect, is associated with the concept of "protector" or "patron". Thus, the tutor performs an intermediary role and acts as an assistant student, his consultant and organizer of effective learning activities. It is the mentor’s activity that answers the important aspects of the student’s educational process.
Features of the profession
Tutoring in education is a fundamentally new type of pedagogical activity. It finds its application in work with problem families, preschool institutions, schools, colleges, in the field of additional or vocational education, in higher educational institutions.
To date, several aspects of tutoring in education are being considered.This is, firstly, compensatory activity aimed at resolving difficulties with academic performance, discipline or the organization of extracurricular activities. The task of the tutor is to help overcome the discrepancy between the curriculum and the student’s real opportunities.
Secondly, the tutor should be able to help solve the problem of developing personal potential by means of education - to organize the “redundancy” of the educational environment so that the student can discover something new and become interested in the learning process. This implies assistance in the direction of the implementation of project and research activities.
Thirdly, tutoring in the education system implies the formation of a work process aimed at achieving the final result. Thus, the student must go through the path of cultural, professional and personal self-determination. Accompanying continuously lasts throughout the entire educational process.
What is tutoring in preschool education? A new type of pedagogical activity is manifested where it is necessary to individualize any educational process.Kindergartens and preschool institutions are no exception. On the contrary, it is here that the personal start of the little man is set: the mentor launches the child's improvement mechanisms, supporting and helping to master the resources of the society for independent cognition and personal development.
In order to achieve effective results in working with a specific child, the tutor-educator must study his life environment and help overcome the lack of experience or, on the contrary, strengthen and develop the strengths of his personal potential. It should not be forgotten that normal learning cannot take place without the involvement of parents. Therefore, the specialist will involve them, advise and orient them in one or another educational process.
An individual program (route) of development is drawn up with each individual child tutor, taking into account the age and personality characteristics of the baby. The development is carried out in such a way as to broaden children's horizons and maximally stimulate the interest of the child to self-knowledge in learning.
Due to the fact that the system of additional education does not have clear state standards, this field of study allows individualizing the educational process. Training is available here in flexible, variable methods: every child is guaranteed free pace and depth of development of educational programs.
Tutoring in additional education promotes the use of personality-oriented technologies and contributes to the development of its own potential.
Principles of personal development of the child
Nevertheless, for the most effective solution of the tasks of the educational process and the achievement of the goals set, the teacher must build a certain communication system - to establish communication with his students. Communication with the child should be based on principles such as:
- Recognition of absolute value. The child must feel its importance.
- Invaluable judgment. You can not judge a child, based on their own opinions, the objectivity of the assessment of his thoughts and actions contributes to the creative development of the baby.
- Freedom of expression.Each teacher of preschool education should fully support the expression of his own "I" child.
Based on this, we can safely say that the competence of a mentor will contribute to the effective individualization of the learning process and the development of the child’s personality.
Inclusive education. Striving for independence
Today, in the system of Russian education, practices are actively used that ensure the availability of general education for children with disabilities in regular schools. Tutoring in inclusive education allows children with disabilities to adapt normally to society. However, healthy children develop a sense of tolerance and responsibility.
Therefore, in a school environment, situations often arise when the presence of a teacher-mentor is vital for a child. In the first place, this problem concerns children with limited capabilities. However, this does not mean that the tutor is a constantly serving, caring nurse. The task of the mentor is to support the desire for independence in the student.
Tutoring in vocational education: development prospects
In many Russian universities, the educational process is a fragmented, rather than a holistic structure. It turns out this way: a student studies some disciplines that somehow relate to the specialization they receive, but for the learner himself this relationship remains undetected. As a result, the specialist who completed the training, although he studied a lot of subjects, cannot connect them with each other.
Today, tutoring in education is the implementation of the main programs of universities, where the student can independently choose the disciplines that affect the future profile. In vocational training, this trend is becoming very popular. In this regard, the modern continuous process of obtaining knowledge requires strengthening the position of the tutor as a full participant.
It is this specialist who expresses the interests of the student. His job is to help, advise and organize an effective educational process, the trajectory of which the student must build.
However, in fact, today, not all Russian universities are ready to have a tutor in their staff. Firstly, these are considerable additional expenses.Secondly, many still do not understand what position he takes, what he will do and what problems can be solved by introducing him into the structure of the educational institution.
Who can be a tutor?
As already mentioned, tutoring in education is the individualization of the educational process for a specific student. The main tasks of a mentor include determining the range of interests of the student, coordinating his independent study and assisting in the choice of specialization. However, in addition, the tutor helps the child to establish relationships with classmates and teachers. For a student, he most often becomes a psychologist. Therefore, this specialist must necessarily have a special tutor or psychological and pedagogical training.
A tutor can be an employee-teacher who is able to assess and support a student’s own choice, the desire for independence and his activity. This may be a class teacher, a social teacher, a teacher-psychologist, or a subject teacher.
Tutoring and consulting in education
The activity of any educational institution, regardless of the form of ownership, must be licensed and is under state control.In the course of regular inspections of the educational institution to assess the quality of the educational process, the use of modern teaching methods, the quality of the staff of teachers and the compliance of the level of education, the inspection bodies provide the necessary advice to management personnel.
Consulting in education and tutoring has its own characteristics, due to certain specificity. On the one hand, the educational institutions themselves provide consulting services to certain groups of the population, and on the other, the structures themselves and their employees can become consumers of consulting.
Today, consulting in education is developing in such areas as: