What is an illusion?

The word illusion comes from the Latin "illūsio" - delusion, deception. This interpretation briefly but very clearly describes the essence of this term. In this article we will examine in more detail what illusion is and what types of illusions are.

Illusion is ...

Illusion is a distorted perception of a real object or phenomenon that can be interpreted ambiguously. An illusion, as a rule, is created by a conjurer or by nature, but sometimes the man himself creates the illusion for himself. Of course, the most frequent companions of illusions are mental diseases, however, healthy people can experience similar conditions.

Types of illusions

There are quite a few kinds of illusions; there will be one for each organ of a person’s feelings, and it will remain. So, what illusions can we experience?

  • Optical - errors in visual perception;
  • sound - "problems" in the hearing aid;
  • physiological - associated with the peculiarity of the peripheral or central parts of the sense organs;
  • awareness - generate a sense of presence, most often are a form of hallucinations;
  • physical - illusions of nature and phenomena (for example, the "fracture" of a spoon in a glass of water);
  • verbal - errors in the perception of the conversation of people around;
  • affective - occur with sudden changes of mood, accompanied by a feeling of anxiety and fear;
  • organic - errors in the perception of color, shape, size, etc.
  • paradolic - mental creation of fantastic paintings from a complex pattern, for example, from frost patterns on glass.

Illusion: is the patient rather ill?

There are illusions and absolutely healthy person. Physical illusions are part of the normal picture of the world, if you see that a straight spoon suddenly "bent" when immersed in a glass of water, there can be no problem with the psyche of speech. Paradolic illusions are typical for people with fantasy, creative personalities and do not characterize them as mentally ill.

In general, all other types of illusions can also occur in a healthy person if he is very tired or nervously tense. In this state, you can hear and see something wrong. However, if illusions have become constant companions of life, we are already talking about a disease.In addition, it is important to understand that the illusion of illusion is different, for example, if you hear the sound of dripping water when your taps are closed, this is one thing, and if you think that some voices are speaking to you, this is a completely different matter.

Illusion: figurative meaning

The word illusion is often used in a figurative sense, in this case illusion is a deception of the senses, something apparent, even self-deception. Sometimes the word illusion is used in the meaning of "pipe dream." Everyone knows the phrase "to feed illusions", we usually address it to a person who has a false opinion about anything - hopes for a certain succession of events, when all the facts speak of a completely different resolution of the issue.

Wonderful world of illusions

Surprisingly, a person likes to deliberately deceive himself, and therefore the creation of illusions has become for some people a profession that brings good money. From popular illusionists can be called brothers Safronov. Their repertoire is surprisingly diverse, and, having watched their show, you unwittingly begin to believe in miracles.

Well, the illusionist of all times and peoples can no doubt be called David Copperfield.Today, he no longer gives the show, but his cafe works in New York, where there are no waiters - a voice from nowhere specifies the order from the visitor, and then the ordered itself materializes on the tables.

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