What is cervical erosion? Prevention and treatment
Cervical erosion is usually expressed in mucosal lesions and its defects. The classic disease in its pure form is very rare, and its process lasts a relatively short time - from 10 to 14 days.
Features of the course of the disease
Most often it happens that the name "cervical erosion" is used to denote another process in which there is a displacement of tissues covering the cervix and uterus canal. There are two types of such tissues: stratified squamous epithelium and single-layered cylindrical epithelium. Of course, they have different properties. When displaced, one of the tissues enters an environment unusual for it, as a result of which the inflammatory process begins. The term pseudo-erosion, or ectopia, is a more accurate name for this process, but colloquially, the more simplified word erosion is commonly used.
Causes of cervical erosion
The most common disease is caused by the following factors:
1. Mechanical damage.
2. Reduced immunity.
3. Genital infections, the most common of which may be genital herpes.
4. Gynecological intrauterine interventions (abortions, difficult labor that led to ruptures).
Signs of cervical erosion
It must be said that the disease practically does not manifest itself, with the result that the clinical picture is rather blurred. The only symptom is discharge (sometimes mixed with blood) after sexual intercourse. If such a phenomenon is not an isolated one, then it is better to consult a doctor in advance, without waiting for cervical erosion to develop. And this will happen sooner or later, since the central epithelium does not have protective properties, and therefore it is easier to penetrate any infection into the uterus canal.
Diagnosis of the disease
Usually cervical erosion is detected completely by chance during the inspection. That is why it is so important to visit a gynecologist from time to time. To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe a colposcopy or biopsy.Also taken blood tests for the detection of sexually transmitted diseases and the presence in the body of chlamydia, herpes, Trichomonas. Can write out appointment on taking a smear for the study of vaginal flora. Whatever it was, despite the painless course of the disease, it should be treated.
Treatment of this type of erosion
For a long time, the method of cauterization with electric current began to be used to treat the disease. However, the healing after it takes a long time, besides there may be scars. Therefore, recently, more and more treatment is based on freezing with liquid nitrogen, laser coagulation and the radio wave method. These are the so-called therapeutic treatments. Sometimes surgery is also necessary - for example, cervical conization. And if the cause was a difficult birth, then you just need to make plastic. And I also want to remind you that self-treatment in this case can cause irreparable harm to health, and therefore, consultation with a doctor is obligatory.