Why did the bronze bird become a symbol of the Caucasian mineral waters?

An old legend tells of an eagle that slept in a gorge of mountains, and of a serpent who crept and bit a noble bird. However, a proud bird of the last strength crawled to the source with healing water, and lo and behold !? Having experienced a burst of energy, the eagle soared under the clouds, and examined the treacherous serpent, tore the last one. In general, this version of the eternal struggle between evil and good with a good ending. Well, the main thing according to the plan is of course the healing power of Caucasian mineral waters!
01. About how I got out one day in the vicinity of Pyatigorsk

02. and experienced the true pleasure of the symbols of the past, present, nature and golden autumn ...

03. And the city is really good! Even Pushkin in 1829 noticed "... everywhere order, cleanliness, beauty." Hmm, the views were of course somewhat different in those days, but the essence remained the same.

04. Where does the Leader Look?

05. The history of Russian Pyatigorsk began in 1774, when, after the next Russian-Turkish war, these lands were ceded to Russia.At first this area was perceived as a military bastion on the borders of the state, therefore new fortresses were strengthened and built. In 1780, the healing power of hot springs among the elephants of Mashuk was discovered for the first time, which is practically in the very center of the present Pyatigorsk (in the photo).

06. Since then, the fame of the healing power of water has spread throughout Russia. First, spontaneously, and after the official recognition of the resort by Alexander I in 1803, numerous bath-palaces, spa pavilions and houses - hotels began to be built here.

07. And she reached out to know from all over Russia. Still, their own, domestic "water".

08. In the secular period, the resort trend has generally been preserved, with some nuances, like the title of an all-union health resort, or the desire of each government department to open its own sanatorium, and preferably not one! )

09. The tallest building in Pyatigorsk is the Intourist Hotel. I wonder how many foreigners were brought here in the Soviet period?

10. What is the city like today? A relatively small Russian city in which a little less than 146 thousand people live permanently. And this is the absolute maximum for the entire existence of the city.So the city grows and develops.


12. Pyatigorsk tram

13. Fantastic views of the city and surroundings open from the tops of numerous mountains and hills located almost within the city. The highest peak is Mount Mashuk (994 m), but I couldn’t climb it, since the famous Pyatigorsk cable car was closed for reconstruction, and I didn’t walk, I think comrade.uritskOf course I condemn, for such liberty ...

14. Therefore, I was content with the views from the heights of the resort area, where there are numerous sanatoriums and hospitals.

15. Well, actually, the panorama of Pyatigorsk.

16. The administrative center of the city is located almost at the Intourist hotel itself.

17. Resort area. On both sides are boarding houses and hospitals.

18. City dweller or coming?

19. Spassky Cathedral erected in 2012, on the site of the church, which was once destroyed in 1936.

20. Lermontovsky Square, with the first monument to the poet in Russia. I must say that Lermontov loved these places and often visited here. Here, and tragically died.
21. And the townspeople especially honor him, remember and love.

22. Former apartment house of the Khodzhaev brothers.There were shops on the first floor, expensive rooms on the second, and rooms for the wealthiest gentlemen on the third. Now I understand this is a shopping center accessible to all comers?

23. Another interesting building in the city center with columns and a very curious name! ) This building is a former restaurant, ie a hotel with a restaurant, built in 1824. Later it served as a noble assembly. By the way, both Pushkin and Lermontov and Tolstoy all repeatedly visited this building.

24. Oppositely stands another unique building of the former coffee house of the Pyatigorsk merchant A.A.Gusakov, built in 1909. It is curious that after the revolution a “dining room of the worker’s cooperative” was placed here; During the German occupation, there was a restaurant for German officers; And later diet dining.

25. Now - an exhibition hall and art cafe.

26. Probably the most recognizable building in Pyatigorsk is the Lermontov Gallery, made of metal and glass in Warsaw, and built here in 1901.

27. According to the plan, the gallery was intended for public walks in inclement weather. Inside there were benches for rest, plants in tubs, concerts were organized.

28Now it belongs to the State Philharmonic. Here concerts are held and the exhibition hall is located. Sorry, I did not get inside, it would be interesting to look at this beauty from the inside.

29. A surprisingly pleasant city, I will tell you! )

30. Another beautiful view of the city opens from here.

31. from the top, where our monumental hero stands, has long been a symbol not only of the city, but of the entire region of Caucasian Mineral Waters.

32. A view of the central street - Kirov Avenue seems.

33. Below the Lermontov Gallery, numerous buildings of boarding houses and clinics, and the Beshtau mountain range, in whose honor the city of Pyatigorsk is named. Translated from the Turkic "besh" - "five", "tau" - "mountain". Five mountains, Pyatigorsk.


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